1KHL

E. COLI ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE MUTANT (D153HD330N) COMPLEX WITH PHOSPHATE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.183 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.183 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Artificial evolution of an enzyme active site: structural studies of three highly active mutants of Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase.

Le Du, M.H.Lamoure, C.Muller, B.H.Bulgakov, O.V.Lajeunesse, E.Menez, A.Boulain, J.C.

(2002) J Mol Biol 316: 941-953

  • DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.2001.5384
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1KHL, 1KHK, 1KHJ, 1KH5, 1KH4, 1KH9, 1KH7, 1KHN

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The crystal structure of three mutants of Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase with catalytic activity (k(cat)) enhancement as compare to the wild-type enzyme is described in different states. The biological aspects of this study have been reported ...

    The crystal structure of three mutants of Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase with catalytic activity (k(cat)) enhancement as compare to the wild-type enzyme is described in different states. The biological aspects of this study have been reported elsewhere. The structure of the first mutant, D330N, which is threefold more active than the wild-type enzyme, was determined with phosphate in the active site, or with aluminium fluoride, which mimics the transition state. These structures reveal, in particular, that this first mutation does not alter the active site. The second mutant, D153H-D330N, is 17-fold more active than the wild-type enzyme and activated by magnesium, but its activity drops after few days. The structure of this mutant was solved under four different conditions. The phosphate-free enzyme was studied in an inactivated form with zinc at site M3, or after activation by magnesium. The comparison of these two forms free of phosphate illustrates the mechanism of the magnesium activation of the catalytic serine residue. In the presence of magnesium, the structure was determined with phosphate, or aluminium fluoride. The drop in activity of the mutant D153H-D330N could be explained by the instability of the metal ion at M3. The analysis of this mutant helped in the design of the third mutant, D153G-D330N. This mutant is up to 40-fold more active than the wild-type enzyme, with a restored robustness of the enzyme stability. The structure is presented here with covalently bound phosphate in the active site, representing the first phosphoseryl intermediate of a highly active alkaline phosphatase. This study shows how structural analysis may help to progress in the improvement of an enzyme catalytic activity (k(cat)), and explains the structural events associated with this artificial evolution.


    Related Citations: 
    • Reaction Mechanism of Alkaline Phosphatase Based on Crystal Structures. Two-Metal Ion Catalysis
      Kim, E.E., Wyckoff, H.W.
      (1991) J Mol Biol 218: 449

    Organizational Affiliation

    Département d'Ingénierie et d'Etudes des Protéines, CEA, Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France. mhledu@cea.fr



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Alkaline PhosphataseAB449Escherichia coliMutation(s): 2 
EC: 3.1.3.1
Find proteins for P00634 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P00634 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00634
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

Download CCD File 
A, B
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download CCD File 
A, B
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.183 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.183 
  • Space Group: P 63 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 163.511α = 90
b = 163.511β = 90
c = 138.025γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2002-03-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2014-06-25
    Changes: Database references