An Improved Solution Structure for psi-Conotoxin PiiieVan Wagoner, R.M., Ireland, C.M.
(2003) Biochemistry 42: 6347-6352
- PubMed: 12767215
- DOI: 10.1021/bi027274e
- PubMed Abstract:
- A Noncompetitive Peptide Inhibitor of the Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor from Conus purpurascens Venom
Shon, K.J.,Grilley, M.,Jacobsen, R.,Cartier, G.E.,Hopkins, C.,Gray, W.R.,Watkins, M.,Hillyard, D.R.,Rivier, J.,Torres, J.,Yoshikami, D.,Olivera, B.M.
(1997) Biochemistry 36: 9581
- Three-dimensional Solution Structure of Conotoxin psi-PIIIE, an Acetylcholine Gated Ion Channel Antagonist
Mitchell, S.S.,Shon, K.J.,Foster, M.P.,Davis, D.R.,Olivera, B.M.,Ireland, C.M.
(1998) Biochemistry 37: 1215
A revised, high-resolution structure of psi-conotoxin Piiie (psi-Piiie), a noncompetitive inhibitor of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR), produced through the use of NMR and molecular modeling calculations is presented. The original struct ...
A revised, high-resolution structure of psi-conotoxin Piiie (psi-Piiie), a noncompetitive inhibitor of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR), produced through the use of NMR and molecular modeling calculations is presented. The original structures of psi-Piiie had a relatively high degree of disorder, particularly in the conformation of the disulfide bridges. Our studies utilized (13)C-labeling of selected cysteine residues allowing the resolution of all problems of resonance overlap for the cysteine residues. The improved data were used to produce a new set of structures by a molecular modeling process incorporating relaxation matrix methods for the determination of interproton distance restraints and a combination of distance geometry and simulated annealing for structure generation. The structures produced are very well converged with the RMSD of backbone atom positions of the main body of the peptide improving from 0.73 to 0.13 A. Other indicators of correlation with the experimental data and quality of covalent geometry showed significant improvement in the new structures. The overall conformation of the peptide backbone is similar between the two determinations with the exception of the N-terminus. This difference leads to a significant effect on the predicted distribution of positive charge within psi-Piiie, a property likely to influence interpretation of future mutational studies.
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA.