Crystal structure of yellow meal worm alpha-amylase at 1.64 A resolution.Strobl, S., Maskos, K., Betz, M., Wiegand, G., Huber, R., Gomis-Ruth, F.X., Glockshuber, R.
(1998) J.Mol.Biol. 278: 617-628
- PubMed: 9600843
- DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.1998.1667
- PubMed Abstract:
- The Alpha-Amylase from the Yellow Meal Worm: Complete Primary Structure, Crystallization and Preliminary X-Ray Analysis
Strobl, S.,Gomis-Ruth, F.X.,Maskos, K.,Frank, G.,Huber, R.,Glockshuber, R.
(1997) FEBS Lett. 409: 109
The three-dimensional structure of the alpha-amylase from Tenebrio molitor larvae (TMA) has been determined by molecular replacement techniques using diffraction data of a crystal of space group P212121 (a=51.24 A; b=93.46 A; c=96.95 A). The structur ...
The three-dimensional structure of the alpha-amylase from Tenebrio molitor larvae (TMA) has been determined by molecular replacement techniques using diffraction data of a crystal of space group P212121 (a=51.24 A; b=93.46 A; c=96.95 A). The structure has been refined to a crystallographic R-factor of 17.7% for 58,219 independent reflections in the 7.0 to 1.64 A resolution range, with root-mean-square deviations of 0.008 A for bond lengths and 1.482 degrees for bond angles. The final model comprises all 471 residues of TMA, 261 water molecules, one calcium cation and one chloride anion. The electron density confirms that the N-terminal glutamine residue has undergone a post-transitional modification resulting in a stable 5-oxo-proline residue. The X-ray structure of TMA provides the first three-dimensional model of an insect alpha-amylase. The monomeric enzyme exhibits an elongated shape approximately 75 Ax46 Ax40 A and consists of three distinct domains, in line with models for alpha-amylases from microbial, plant and mammalian origin. However, the structure of TMA reflects in the substrate and inhibitor binding region a remarkable difference from mammalian alpha-amylases: the lack of a highly flexible, glycine-rich loop, which has been proposed to be involved in a "trap-release" mechanism of substrate hydrolysis by mammalian alpha-amylases. The structural differences between alpha-amylases of various origins might explain the specificity of inhibitors directed exclusively against insect alpha-amylases.
Institut für Molekularbiologie und Biophysik, Eidenössische Technische Hochschule Hönggerberg, Zürich, CH-8093, Switzerland.