1IBW

STRUCTURE OF THE D53,54N MUTANT OF HISTIDINE DECARBOXYLASE BOUND WITH HISTIDINE METHYL ESTER AT 25 C


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.269 
  • R-Value Work: 0.204 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.211 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure and cooperativity of a T-state mutant of histidine decarboxylase from Lactobacillus 30a.

Worley, S.Schelp, E.Monzingo, A.F.Ernst, S.Robertus, J.D.

(2002) Proteins 46: 321-329

  • DOI: 10.1002/prot.10042
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1IBW, 1IBV, 1IBU, 1IBT

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Histidine decarboxylase (HDC) from Lactobacillus 30a converts histidine to histamine, a process that enables the bacteria to maintain the optimum pH range for cell growth. HDC is regulated by pH; it is active at low pH and inactive at neutral to alkaline pH ...

    Histidine decarboxylase (HDC) from Lactobacillus 30a converts histidine to histamine, a process that enables the bacteria to maintain the optimum pH range for cell growth. HDC is regulated by pH; it is active at low pH and inactive at neutral to alkaline pH. The X-ray structure of HDC at pH 8 revealed that a helix was disordered, resulting in the disruption of the substrate-binding site. The HDC trimer has also been shown to exhibit cooperative kinetics at neutral pH, that is, histidine can trigger a T-state to R-state transition. The D53,54N mutant of HDC has an elevated Km, even at low pH, indicating that the enzyme assumes the low activity T-state. We have solved the structures of the D53,54N mutant at low pH, with and without the substrate analog histidine methyl ester (HME) bound. Structural analysis shows that the apo-D53,54N mutant is in the inactive or T-state and that binding of the substrate analog induces the enzyme to adopt the active or R-state. A mechanism for the cooperative transition is proposed.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
HISTIDINE DECARBOXYLASE BETA CHAINA, C, E81Lactobacillus sp. 30AMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: hdcA
EC: 4.1.1.22
Find proteins for P00862 (Lactobacillus sp. (strain 30a))
Explore P00862 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00862
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
HISTIDINE DECARBOXYLASE ALPHA CHAINB, D, F228Lactobacillus sp. 30AMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: hdcA
EC: 4.1.1.22
Find proteins for P00862 (Lactobacillus sp. (strain 30a))
Explore P00862 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00862
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.269 
  • R-Value Work: 0.204 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.211 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 97.017α = 90
b = 117.768β = 90
c = 205.789γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2002-03-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Source and taxonomy, Version format compliance