1I4M

Crystal structure of the human prion protein reveals a mechanism for oligomerization


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.253 
  • R-Value Work: 0.206 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure of the human prion protein reveals a mechanism for oligomerization.

Knaus, K.J.Morillas, M.Swietnicki, W.Malone, M.Surewicz, W.K.Yee, V.C.

(2001) Nat.Struct.Mol.Biol. 8: 770-774

  • DOI: 10.1038/nsb0901-770

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The pathogenesis of transmissible encephalopathies is associated with the conversion of the cellular prion protein, PrP(C), into a conformationally altered oligomeric form, PrP(Sc). Here we report the crystal structure of the human prion protein in d ...

    The pathogenesis of transmissible encephalopathies is associated with the conversion of the cellular prion protein, PrP(C), into a conformationally altered oligomeric form, PrP(Sc). Here we report the crystal structure of the human prion protein in dimer form at 2 A resolution. The dimer results from the three-dimensional swapping of the C-terminal helix 3 and rearrangement of the disulfide bond. An interchain two-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet is formed at the dimer interface by residues that are located in helix 2 in the monomeric NMR structures. Familial prion disease mutations map to the regions directly involved in helix swapping. This crystal structure suggests that oligomerization through 3D domain-swapping may constitute an important step on the pathway of the PrP(C) --> PrP(Sc) conversion.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Cardiology and Center for Structural Biology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue NB20, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
MAJOR PRION PROTEIN
A
108Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PRNP (ALTPRP, PRIP, PRP)
Find proteins for P04156 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: PRNP
Go to UniProtKB:  P04156
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CL
Query on CL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
CD
Query on CD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CADMIUM ION
Cd
WLZRMCYVCSSEQC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.253 
  • R-Value Work: 0.206 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 85.441α = 90.00
b = 85.707β = 90.00
c = 40.501γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MLPHAREphasing
CNSrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2002-02-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance