1HSI

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE AT 1.9 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION OF HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) II PROTEASE COMPLEXED WITH L-735,524, AN ORALLY BIOAVAILABLE INHIBITOR OF THE HIV PROTEASES


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.166 

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This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure at 1.9-A resolution of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) II protease complexed with L-735,524, an orally bioavailable inhibitor of the HIV proteases.

Chen, Z.Li, Y.Chen, E.Hall, D.L.Darke, P.L.Culberson, C.Shafer, J.A.Kuo, L.C.

(1994) J.Biol.Chem. 269: 26344-26348

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • L-735,524 is a potent, orally bioavailable inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) protease currently in a Phase II clinical trial. We report here the three-dimensional structure of L-735,524 complexed to HIV-2 protease at 1.9-A resolution, a ...

    L-735,524 is a potent, orally bioavailable inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) protease currently in a Phase II clinical trial. We report here the three-dimensional structure of L-735,524 complexed to HIV-2 protease at 1.9-A resolution, as well as the structure of the native HIV-2 protease at 2.5-A resolution. The structure of HIV-2 protease is found to be essentially identical to that of HIV-1 protease. In the crystal lattice of the HIV-2 protease complexed with L-735,524, the inhibitor is chelated to the active site of the homodimeric enzyme in one orientation. This feature allows an unambiguous assignment of protein-ligand interactions from the electron density map. Both Fourier and difference Fourier maps reveal clearly the closure of the flap domains of the protease upon L-735,524 binding. Specific interactions between the enzyme and the inhibitor include the hydroxy group of the hydroxyaminopentane amide moiety of L-735,524 ligating to the carboxyl groups of the essential Asp-25 and Asp-25' enzymic residues and the amide oxygens of the inhibitor hydrogen bonding to the backbone amide nitrogen of Ile-50 and Ile-50' via an intervening water molecule. A second bridging water molecule is found between the amide nitrogen N2 of L-735,524 and the carboxyl oxygen of Asp-29'. Although other hydrogen bonds also add to binding, an equally significant contribution to affinity arises from hydrophobic interactions between the protease and the inhibitor throughout the pseudo-symmetric S1/S1', S2/S2', and S3/S3' regions of the enzyme. Except for its pyridine ring, all lipophilic moieties (t-butyl, indanyl, benzyl, and piperidyl) of L-735,524 are rigidly defined in the active site.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biological Chemistry, Merck Research Laboratories, West Point, Pennsylvania 19486.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
HIV-2 PROTEASE
A, B
99Human immunodeficiency virus type 2 subtype A (isolate ROD)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: gag-pol
Find proteins for P04584 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 2 subtype A (isolate ROD))
Go to UniProtKB:  P04584
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.166 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 36.760α = 90.00
b = 58.440β = 91.20
c = 55.110γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORphasing
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 1995-03-31 
  • Released Date: 1996-04-03 
  • Deposition Author(s): Chen, Z.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1996-04-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance