1HNL

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF A GLUTATHIONYLATED HUMAN LYSOZYME: A FOLDING INTERMEDIATE MIMIC IN THE FORMATION OF A DISULFIDE BOND


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of a glutathionylated human lysozyme: a folding intermediate mimic in the formation of a disulfide bond.

Inaka, K.Miki, K.Kikuchi, M.Taniyama, Y.Matsushima, M.

(1995) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 51: 619-625

  • DOI: 10.1107/S0907444994013478

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The three-dimensional structure of a mutant human lysozyme, C77A-a, in which the residue Cys77 is replaced by alanine, has been refined to an R value of 0.125 using 8230 reflections in the resolution range 10.0-1.8 A. It has been shown that C77A-a, i ...

    The three-dimensional structure of a mutant human lysozyme, C77A-a, in which the residue Cys77 is replaced by alanine, has been refined to an R value of 0.125 using 8230 reflections in the resolution range 10.0-1.8 A. It has been shown that C77A-a, in which the counterpart of Cys77 (Cys95) is modified with glutathione, has been shown to mimic an intermediate in the formation of the disulfide bond Cys77-Cys95 during the folding of human lysozyme [Hayano, Inaka, Otsu, Taniyama, Miki, Matsushima & Kikuchi (1993). FEBS Lett. 328, 203-208]. An earlier structure demonstrates that its overall structure is essentially identical to that of the wild-type protein and served as the starting model. The refined model includes atoms for all protein residues (1-130), 20 glutathione atoms and 113 water atoms. Further refinement shows more clearly the details of the protein, the bound glutathione molecule and solvent structure. However, the main-chain folding and the atomic thermal factors of the loop region from Thr70 to Leu79 were highly affected by the binding of the glutathione molecule, as compared with those of the wild-type protein. The bound glutathione shifted the main-chain atoms from Va174 to Ala77 by more than 6.0 A, and the temperature factors of the atoms in the loop region were quite high (more than 40 A(2)), indicating that the backbone conformation of this region is highly flexible and that the loop region is not folded in the specific conformation observed in the wild-type protein. These results strongly suggest that the loop structure in human lysozyme is folded later than the other regions of the protein in vivo, as observed in in vitro folding. Since the bound glutathione is efficiently and irreversibly dissociated by protein disulfide isomerase, the glutathione molecule may act as a protecting group to prevent the formation of an incorrect disulfide bond in the protein folding process in vivo.


    Related Citations: 
    • Pdi and Glutathione-Mediated Reduction of the Glutathionylated Variant of Human Lysozyme
      Hayano, T.,Inaka, K.,Otsu, M.,Taniyama, Y.,Miki, K.,Matsushima, M.,Masakazu, K.
      (1993) FEBS Lett. 323: 203


    Organizational Affiliation

    Protein Engineering Research Institute, Suita, Osaka, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
HUMAN LYSOZYME
A
130Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: LYZ (LZM)
EC: 3.2.1.17
Find proteins for P61626 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: LYZ
Go to UniProtKB:  P61626
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GSH
Query on GSH

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
GLUTATHIONE
C10 H17 N3 O6 S
RWSXRVCMGQZWBV-WDSKDSINSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 57.190α = 90.00
b = 60.960β = 90.00
c = 33.220γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PROLSQrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1995-02-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance