1H4W

Structure of human trypsin IV (brain trypsin)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.203 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal Structure Reveals Basis for the Inhibitor Resistance of Human Brain Trypsin.

Katona, G.Berglund, G.I.Hajdu, J.Graf, L.Szilagyi, L.

(2002) J.Mol.Biol. 315: 1209

  • DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.2001.5305

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Severe neurodegradative brain diseases, like Alzheimer, are tightly linked with proteolytic activity in the human brain. Proteinases expressed in the brain, such as human trypsin IV, are likely to be involved in the pathomechanism of these diseases. ...

    Severe neurodegradative brain diseases, like Alzheimer, are tightly linked with proteolytic activity in the human brain. Proteinases expressed in the brain, such as human trypsin IV, are likely to be involved in the pathomechanism of these diseases. The observation of amyloid formed in the brain of transgenic mice expressing human trypsin IV supports this hypothesis. Human trypsin IV is also resistant towards all studied naturally occurring polypeptide inhibitors. It has been postulated that the substitution of Gly193 to arginine is responsible for this inhibitor resistance. Here we report the X-ray structure of human trypsin IV in complex with the inhibitor benzamidine at 1.7 A resolution. The overall fold of human trypsin IV is similar to human trypsin I, with a root-mean square deviation of only 0.5 A for all C(alpha) positions. The crystal structure reveals the orientation of the side-chain of Arg193, which occupies an extended conformation and fills the S2' subsite. An analysis of surface electrostatic potentials shows an unusually strong clustering of positive charges around the primary specificity pocket, to which the side-chain of Arg193 also contributes. These unique features of the crystal structure provide a structural basis for the enhanced inhibitor resistance, and enhanced substrate restriction, of human trypsin IV.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Eötvös Loránd University, Puskin u. 3., Budapest, 1088, Hungary.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
TRYPSIN IVA
A
224Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PRSS3 (PRSS4, TRY3, TRY4)
EC: 3.4.21.4
Find proteins for P35030 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: PRSS3
Go to UniProtKB:  P35030
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CA
Query on CA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BEN
Query on BEN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
BENZAMIDINE
C7 H8 N2
PXXJHWLDUBFPOL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
BENKi: 22000 nM BINDINGMOAD
BENKi: 22000 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.203 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 56.683α = 90.00
b = 56.683β = 90.00
c = 143.210γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
AMoREphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2002-02-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance