1H0J

Structural Basis of the Membrane-induced Cardiotoxin A3 Oligomerization


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.280 
  • R-Value Work: 0.227 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural Basis of Membrane-Induced Cardiotoxin A3 Oligomerization

Forouhar, F.Huang, W.-N.Liu, J.-H.Chien, K.-Y.Wu, W.-G.Hsiao, C.-D.

(2003) J.Biol.Chem. 278: 21980

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M208650200

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Cobra cardiotoxins (CTXs) have previously been shown to induce membrane fusion of vesicles formed by phospholipids such as cardiolipin or sphingomyelin. CTX can also form a pore in membrane bilayers containing a anionic lipid such as phosphatidylseri ...

    Cobra cardiotoxins (CTXs) have previously been shown to induce membrane fusion of vesicles formed by phospholipids such as cardiolipin or sphingomyelin. CTX can also form a pore in membrane bilayers containing a anionic lipid such as phosphatidylserine or phosphatidylglycerol. Herein, we show that the interaction of CTX with negatively charged lipids causes CTX dimerization, an important intermediate for the eventual oligomerization of CTX during the CTX-induced fusion and pore formation process. The structural basis of the lipid-induced oligomerization of CTX A3, a major CTX from Naja atra, is then illustrated by the crystal structure of CTX A3 in complex with SDS; SDS likely mimics anionic lipids of the membrane under micelle conditions at 1.9-A resolution. The crystal packing reveals distinct SDS-free and SDS-rich regions; in the latter two types of interconnecting CTX A3 dimers, D1 and D2, and several SDS molecules can be identified to stabilize D1 and D2 by simultaneously interacting with residues at each dimer interface. When the three CTXSDS complexes in the asymmetric unit are overlaid, the orientation of CTX A3 monomers relative to the SDS molecules in the crystal is strikingly similar to that of the toxin with respect to model membranes as determined by NMR and Fourier transform infrared methods. These results not only illustrate how lipid-induced CTX dimer formation may be transformed into oligomers either as inverted micelles of fusion intermediates or as membrane pore of anionic lipid bilayers but also underscore a potential role for SDS in x-ray diffraction study of protein-membrane interactions in the future.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Molecular Biology, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan 115.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CARDIOTOXIN-3
A, B, C
60Naja atraMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P60301 (Naja atra)
Go to UniProtKB:  P60301
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SDS
Query on SDS

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C
DODECYL SULFATE
C12 H26 O4 S
MOTZDAYCYVMXPC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.280 
  • R-Value Work: 0.227 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 74.902α = 90.00
b = 76.202β = 90.00
c = 47.784γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
CNSrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-06-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance