1GZM

Structure of Bovine Rhodopsin in a Trigonal Crystal Form


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.235 
  • R-Value Work: 0.202 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of Bovine Rhodopsin in a Trigonal Crystal Form

Li, J.Edwards, P.Burghammer, M.Villa, C.Schertler, G.F.X.

(2004) J.Mol.Biol. 343: 1409

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2004.08.090
  • Also Cited By: 3C9L

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • We have determined the structure of bovine rhodopsin at 2.65 A resolution using untwinned native crystals in the space group P3(1), by molecular replacement from the 2.8 A model (1F88) solved in space group P4(1). The new structure reveals mechanisti ...

    We have determined the structure of bovine rhodopsin at 2.65 A resolution using untwinned native crystals in the space group P3(1), by molecular replacement from the 2.8 A model (1F88) solved in space group P4(1). The new structure reveals mechanistically important details unresolved previously, which are considered in the membrane context by docking the structure into a cryo-electron microscopy map of 2D crystals. Kinks in the transmembrane helices facilitate inter-helical polar interactions. Ordered water molecules extend the hydrogen bonding networks, linking Trp265 in the retinal binding pocket to the NPxxY motif near the cytoplasmic boundary, and the Glu113 counterion for the protonated Schiff base to the extracellular surface. Glu113 forms a complex with a water molecule hydrogen bonded between its main chain and side-chain oxygen atoms. This can be expected to stabilise the salt-bridge with the protonated Schiff base linking the 11-cis-retinal to Lys296. The cytoplasmic ends of helices H5 and H6 have been extended by one turn. The G-protein interaction sites mapped to the cytoplasmic ends of H5 and H6 and a spiral extension of H5 are elevated above the bilayer. There is a surface cavity next to the conserved Glu134-Arg135 ion pair. The cytoplasmic loops have the highest temperature factors in the structure, indicative of their flexibility when not interacting with G protein or regulatory proteins. An ordered detergent molecule is seen wrapped around the kink in H6, stabilising the structure around the potential hinge in H6. These findings provide further explanation for the stability of the dark state structure. They support a mechanism for the activation, initiated by photo-isomerisation of the chromophore to its all-trans form, that involves pivoting movements of kinked helices, which, while maintaining hydrophobic contacts in the membrane interior, can be coupled to amplified translation of the helix ends near the membrane surfaces.


    Related Citations: 
    • Crystals of Native and Modified Bovine Rhodopsins and Their Heavy Atom Derivatives
      Edwards, P.,Li, J.,Burghammer, M.,Mcdowell, J.H.,Villa, C.,Hargrave, P.A.,Schertler, G.F.X.
      (2004) J.Mol.Biol. 343: 1439


    Organizational Affiliation

    Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QH, UK. jl@mrc-lmb.cam.ca.uk




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
RHODOPSIN
A, B
349Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RHO
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
G Protein-Coupled Receptors (GPCRs)
Protein: 
Rhodopsin
Find proteins for P02699 (Bos taurus)
Go to Gene View: RHO
Go to UniProtKB:  P02699
Small Molecules
Ligands 8 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
C8E
Query on C8E

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Download CCD File 
A, B
(HYDROXYETHYLOXY)TRI(ETHYLOXY)OCTANE
C16 H34 O5
FEOZZFHAVXYAMB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PEF
Query on PEF

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Download CCD File 
A, B
DI-PALMITOYL-3-SN-PHOSPHATIDYLETHANOLAMINE
3-[AMINOETHYLPHOSPHORYL]-[1,2-DI-PALMITOYL]-SN-GLYCEROL
C37 H74 N O8 P
SLKDGVPOSSLUAI-PGUFJCEWSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
RET
Query on RET

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A, B
RETINAL
C20 H28 O
NCYCYZXNIZJOKI-OVSJKPMPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BMA
Query on BMA

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A, B
BETA-D-MANNOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-RWOPYEJCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
LDA
Query on LDA

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Download CCD File 
A, B
LAURYL DIMETHYLAMINE-N-OXIDE
C14 H31 N O
SYELZBGXAIXKHU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

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A, B
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PLM
Query on PLM

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Download CCD File 
A, B
PALMITIC ACID
C16 H32 O2
IPCSVZSSVZVIGE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
ACE
Query on ACE
A, B
NON-POLYMERC2 H4 O

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.235 
  • R-Value Work: 0.202 
  • Space Group: P 31
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 103.820α = 90.00
b = 103.820β = 90.00
c = 76.590γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2002-05-24 
  • Released Date: 2003-11-20 
  • Deposition Author(s): Li, J.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-11-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-10-19
    Type: Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Other, Refinement description, Version format compliance