1GMD

X-ray crystal structure of gamma-chymotrypsin in hexane


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.176 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

X-ray crystal structure of gamma-chymotrypsin in hexane.

Yennawar, N.H.Yennawar, H.P.Farber, G.K.

(1994) Biochemistry 33: 7326-7336

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1GMC

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Crystals of gamma-chymotrypsin grown in aqueous solution were soaked in n-hexane, and the structures of both the soaked and the native crystals were determined to 2.2-A resolution. Seven hexane molecules and 130 water molecules were found in the hexa ...

    Crystals of gamma-chymotrypsin grown in aqueous solution were soaked in n-hexane, and the structures of both the soaked and the native crystals were determined to 2.2-A resolution. Seven hexane molecules and 130 water molecules were found in the hexane-soaked crystals. Two of the seven hexane molecules are found near the active site, and the rest are close to hydrophobic regions on or near the surface of the enzyme. In the hexane structure, water molecules that were not observed in the native structure form a clathrate around one of the hexane molecules. Only 97 water molecules were found in the native structure. The temperature factors for atoms in the hexane environment are lower than those in the aqueous environment. There are significant changes between the two structures in the side chains of both polar and neutral residues, particularly in the vicinity of the hexane molecules. These changes have perturbed the hydrogen-bonding patterns. The electron density for the peptide bound in the active site has been dramatically altered in hexane and appears to be tetrahedral at the carbon that is covalently bound to Ser 195. The crystalline enzyme retains its active conformation in the nonpolar medium and can catalyze both hydrolysis and synthesis reactions in hexane.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
GAMMA-CHYMOTRYPSIN A
E
13Bos taurusEC: 3.4.21.1
Find proteins for P00766 (Bos taurus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P00766
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
GAMMA-CHYMOTRYPSIN A
F
131Bos taurusEC: 3.4.21.1
Find proteins for P00766 (Bos taurus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P00766
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
GAMMA-CHYMOTRYPSIN A
G
97Bos taurusEC: 3.4.21.1
Find proteins for P00766 (Bos taurus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P00766
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PRO GLY ALA TYR ASP PEPTIDE
B
5N/AN/A
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HEX
Query on HEX

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
E, F
HEXANE
C6 H14
VLKZOEOYAKHREP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.176 
  • Space Group: P 42 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 69.340α = 90.00
b = 69.320β = 90.00
c = 97.510γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1993-10-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2013-04-24
    Type: Derived calculations