1GKO

An Engineered Transthyretin Monomer that is Non-amyloidogenic - Unless Partially Denatured


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.269 
  • R-Value Work: 0.207 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

An Engineered Transthyretin Monomer that is Nonamyloidogenic, Unless It is Partially Denatured

Jiang, X.Smith, C.S.Petrassi, H.M.Hammarstrom, P.White, J.T.Sacchettini, J.C.Kelly, J.W.

(2001) Biochemistry 40: 11442


  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Transthyretin (TTR) is a soluble human plasma protein that can be converted into amyloid by acid-mediated dissociation of the homotetramer into monomers. The pH required for disassembly also results in tertiary structural changes within the monomeric ...

    Transthyretin (TTR) is a soluble human plasma protein that can be converted into amyloid by acid-mediated dissociation of the homotetramer into monomers. The pH required for disassembly also results in tertiary structural changes within the monomeric subunits. To understand whether these tertiary structural changes are required for amyloidogenicity, we created the Phe87Met/Leu110Met TTR variant (M-TTR) that is monomeric according to analytical ultracentrifugation and gel filtration analyses and nonamyloidogenic at neutral pH. Results from far- and near-UV circular dichroism spectroscopy, one-dimensional proton NMR spectroscopy, and X-ray crystallography, as well as the ability of M-TTR to form a complex with retinol binding protein, indicate that M-TTR forms a tertiary structure at pH 7 that is very similar if not identical to that found within the tetramer. Reducing the pH results in tertiary structural changes within the M-TTR monomer, rendering it amyloidogenic, demonstrating the requirement for partial denaturation. M-TTR exhibits stability toward acid and urea denaturation that is nearly identical to that characterizing wild-type (WT) TTR at low concentrations (0.01-0.1 mg/mL), where monomeric WT TTR is significantly populated at intermediate urea concentrations prior to the tertiary structural transition. However, the kinetics of denaturation and fibril formation are much faster for M-TTR than for tetrameric WT TTR, particularly at near-physiological concentrations, because of the barrier associated with the tetramer to folded monomer preequilibrium. These results demonstrate that the tetramer to folded monomer transition is insufficient for fibril formation; further tertiary structural changes within the monomer are required.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry and The Skaggs Institute of Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
TRANSTHYRETIN
A, B, C, D
127Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: TTR (PALB)
Find proteins for P02766 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: TTR
Go to UniProtKB:  P02766
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.269 
  • R-Value Work: 0.207 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 64.729α = 90.00
b = 83.301β = 90.00
c = 86.126γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
AMoREphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2001-11-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance