1GHL

THE THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF PHEASANT AND GUINEA-FOWL EGG LYSOZYMES


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.178 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structures of pheasant and guinea fowl egg-white lysozymes

Lescar, J.Souchon, H.Alzari, P.M.

(1994) Protein Sci. 3: 788-798

  • DOI: 10.1002/pro.5560030508
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
  • Also Cited By: 2GV0

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The crystal structures of pheasant and guinea fowl lysozymes have been determined by X-ray diffraction methods. Guinea fowl lysozyme crystallizes in space group P6(1)22 with cell dimensions a = 89.2 A and c = 61.7 A. The structure was refined to a fi ...

    The crystal structures of pheasant and guinea fowl lysozymes have been determined by X-ray diffraction methods. Guinea fowl lysozyme crystallizes in space group P6(1)22 with cell dimensions a = 89.2 A and c = 61.7 A. The structure was refined to a final crystallographic R-factor of 17.0% for 8,854 observed reflections in the resolution range 6-1.9 A. Crystals of pheasant lysozyme are tetragonal, space group P4(3)2(1)2, with a = 98.9 A, c = 69.3 A and 2 molecules in the asymmetric unit. The final R-factor is 17.8% to 2.1 A resolution. The RMS deviation from ideality is 0.010 A for bond lengths and 2.5 degrees for bond angles in both models. Three amino acid positions beneath the active site are occupied by Thr 40, Ile 55, and Ser 91 in hen, pheasant, and other avian lysozymes, and by Ser 40, Val 55, and Thr 91 in guinea fowl and American quail lysozymes. In spite of their internal location, the structural changes associated with these substitutions are small. The pheasant enzyme has an additional N-terminal glycine residue, probably resulting from an evolutionary shift in the site of cleavage of prelysozyme. In the 3-dimensional structure, this amino acid partially fills a cleft on the surface of the molecule, close to the C alpha atom of Gly 41 and absent in lysozymes from other species (which have a large side-chain residue at position 41: Gln, His, Arg, or Lys). The overall structures are similar to those of other c-type lysozymes, with the largest deviations occurring in surface loops. Comparison of the unliganded and antibody-bound models of pheasant lysozyme suggests that surface complementarity of contacting surfaces in the antigen-antibody complex is the result of local, small rearrangements in the epitope. Structural evidence based upon this and other complexes supports the notion that antigenic variation in c-type lysozymes is primarily the result of amino acid substitutions, not of gross structural changes.


    Related Citations: 
    • Three-Dimensional Structure of a Heteroclitic Antigen-Antibody Cross-Reaction Complex
      Chitarra, V.,Alzari, P.M.,Bentley, G.A.,Bhat, T.N.,Eisele, J.-L.,Houdusse, A.,Lescar, J.,Souchon, H.,Poljak, R.J.
      () TO BE PUBLISHED --: --


    Organizational Affiliation

    Unité d'Immunologie Structurale, URA 359 CNRS, Département d'Immunologie, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PHEASANT EGG WHITE LYSOZYME
A, B
130Phasianus colchicus colchicusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: LYZ
EC: 3.2.1.17
Find proteins for P00702 (Phasianus colchicus colchicus)
Go to Gene View: LYZ
Go to UniProtKB:  P00702
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.178 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 98.900α = 90.00
b = 98.900β = 90.00
c = 69.300γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORphasing
X-PLORrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1993-10-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance