Affinity alkylation of the Trp-B4 residue of the beta -subunit of the glutaryl 7-aminocephalosporanic acid acylase of Pseudomonas sp. 130.Huang, X., Zeng, R., Ding, X., Mao, X., Ding, Y., Rao, Z., Xie, Y., Jiang, W., Zhao, G.
(2002) J.Biol.Chem. 277: 10256-10264
- PubMed: 11782466
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M108683200
- PubMed Abstract:
Glutaryl 7-aminocephalosporanic acid acylase of Pseudomonas sp. 130 (C130) was irreversibly inhibited in a time-dependent manner by two substrate analogs bearing side chains of variable length, namely 7beta-bromoacetyl aminocephalosporanic acid (BA-7 ...
Glutaryl 7-aminocephalosporanic acid acylase of Pseudomonas sp. 130 (C130) was irreversibly inhibited in a time-dependent manner by two substrate analogs bearing side chains of variable length, namely 7beta-bromoacetyl aminocephalosporanic acid (BA-7-ACA) and 7beta-3-bromopropionyl aminocephalosporanic acid (BP-7-ACA). The inhibition of the enzyme with BA-7-ACA was attributable to reaction with a single amino acid residue within the beta-subunit proven by comparative matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry. Further mass spectrometric analysis demonstrated that the fourth tryptophan residue of the beta-subunit, Trp-B4, was alkylated by BA-7-ACA. By (1)H-(13)C HSQC spectroscopy of C130 labeled by BA-2-(13)C-7-ACA, it was shown that tryptophan residue(s) in the enzyme was alkylated, forming a carbon-carbon bond. Replacing Trp-B4 with other amino acid residues caused increases in K(m), decreases in k(cat), and instability of enzyme activity. None of the mutant enzymes except W-B4Y could be affinity-alkylated, but all were competitively inhibited by BA-7-ACA. Kinetic studies revealed that both BA-7-ACA and BP-7-ACA could specifically alkylate Trp-B4 of C130 as well as Tyr-B4 of the mutant W-B4Y. Because these alkylations were energy-requiring under physiological conditions, it is likely that the affinity labeling reactions were catalyzed by the C130 enzyme itself. The Trp-B4 residue is located in the middle of a characteristic alphabetabetaalpha sandwich structure. Therefore, a large conformational alteration during inhibitor binding and transition state formation is likely and suggests that a major conformational change is induced by substrate binding during the course of catalysis.
Laboratory of Microbial Molecular Physiology, Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, China.