1G7I

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF HEN EGG WHITE LYSOZYME (HEL) COMPLEXED WITH THE MUTANT ANTI-HEL MONOCLONAL ANTIBODY D1.3 (VLW92F)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Estimation of the hydrophobic effect in an antigen-antibody protein-protein interface.

Sundberg, E.J.Urrutia, M.Braden, B.C.Isern, J.Tsuchiya, D.Fields, B.A.Malchiodi, E.L.Tormo, J.Schwarz, F.P.Mariuzza, R.A.

(2000) Biochemistry 39: 15375-15387

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1G7H, 1G7J, 1G7L, 1G7M

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Antigen-antibody complexes provide useful models for analyzing the thermodynamics of protein-protein association reactions. We have employed site-directed mutagenesis, X-ray crystallography, and isothermal titration calorimetry to investigate the rol ...

    Antigen-antibody complexes provide useful models for analyzing the thermodynamics of protein-protein association reactions. We have employed site-directed mutagenesis, X-ray crystallography, and isothermal titration calorimetry to investigate the role of hydrophobic interactions in stabilizing the complex between the Fv fragment of the anti-hen egg white lysozyme (HEL) antibody D1.3 and HEL. Crystal structures of six FvD1.3-HEL mutant complexes in which an interface tryptophan residue (V(L)W92) has been replaced by residues with smaller side chains (alanine, serine, valine, aspartate, histidine, and phenylalanine) were determined to resolutions between 1.75 and 2.00 A. In the wild-type complex, V(L)W92 occupies a large hydrophobic pocket on the surface of HEL and constitutes an energetic "hot spot" for antigen binding. The losses in apolar buried surface area in the mutant complexes, relative to wild-type, range from 25 (V(L)F92) to 115 A(2) (V(L)A92), with no significant shifts in the positions of protein atoms at the mutation site for any of the complexes except V(L)A92, where there is a peptide flip. The affinities of the mutant Fv fragments for HEL are 10-100-fold lower than that of the original antibody. Formation of all six mutant complexes is marked by a decrease in binding enthalpy that exceeds the decrease in binding free energy, such that the loss in enthalpy is partly offset by a compensating gain in entropy. No correlation was observed between decreases in apolar, polar, or aggregate (sum of the apolar and polar) buried surface area in the V(L)92 mutant series and changes in the enthalpy of formation. Conversely, there exist linear correlations between losses of apolar buried surface and decreases in binding free energy (R(2) = 0.937) as well as increases in the solvent portion of the entropy of binding (R(2) = 0.909). The correlation between binding free energy and apolar buried surface area corresponds to 21 cal mol(-1) A(-2) (1 cal = 4.185 J) for the effective hydrophobicity at the V(L)92 mutation site. Furthermore, the slope of the line defined by the correlation between changes in binding free energy and solvent entropy approaches unity, demonstrating that the exclusion of solvent from the binding interface is the predominant energetic factor in the formation of this protein complex. Our estimate of the hydrophobic contribution to binding at site V(L)92 in the D1.3-HEL interface is consistent with values for the hydrophobic effect derived from classical hydrocarbon solubility models. We also show how residue V(L)W92 can contribute significantly less to stabilization when buried in a more polar pocket, illustrating the dependence of the hydrophobic effect on local environment at different sites in a protein-protein interface.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Center for Advanced Research in Biotechnology, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute and National Institute of Standards and Technology, 9600 Gudelsky Drive, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ANTI-HEN EGG WHITE LYSOZYME MONOCLONAL ANTIBODY D1.3
A
107N/AN/A
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ANTI-HEN EGG WHITE LYSOZYME MONOCLONAL ANTIBODY D1.3
B
116Mus musculusN/A
Find proteins for P01820 (Mus musculus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P01820
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
LYSOZYME C
C
129Gallus gallusGene Names: LYZ
EC: 3.2.1.17
Find proteins for P00698 (Gallus gallus)
Go to Gene View: LYZ
Go to UniProtKB:  P00698
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
C
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 128.270α = 90.00
b = 59.150β = 119.28
c = 56.080γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
AMoREphasing
X-PLORrefinement
X-GENdata scaling
X-GENdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2000-11-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-04
    Type: Refinement description