1FIY

THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF PHOSPHOENOLPYRUVATE CARBOXYLASE FROM ESCHERICHIA COLI AT 2.8 A RESOLUTION


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.259 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Three-dimensional structure of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase: a proposed mechanism for allosteric inhibition.

Kai, Y.Matsumura, H.Inoue, T.Terada, K.Nagara, Y.Yoshinaga, T.Kihara, A.Tsumura, K.Izui, K.

(1999) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 96: 823-828

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.96.3.823

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The crystal structure of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC; EC 4. 1.1.31) has been determined by x-ray diffraction methods at 2.8-A resolution by using Escherichia coli PEPC complexed with L-aspartate, an allosteric inhibitor of all known PEPCs. ...

    The crystal structure of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC; EC 4. 1.1.31) has been determined by x-ray diffraction methods at 2.8-A resolution by using Escherichia coli PEPC complexed with L-aspartate, an allosteric inhibitor of all known PEPCs. The four subunits are arranged in a "dimer-of-dimers" form with respect to subunit contact, resulting in an overall square arrangement. The contents of alpha-helices and beta-strands are 65% and 5%, respectively. All of the eight beta-strands, which are widely dispersed in the primary structure, participate in the formation of a single beta-barrel. Replacement of a conserved Arg residue (Arg-438) in this linkage with Cys increased the tendency of the enzyme to dissociate into dimers. The location of the catalytic site is likely to be near the C-terminal side of the beta-barrel. The binding site for L-aspartate is located about 20 A away from the catalytic site, and four residues (Lys-773, Arg-832, Arg-587, and Asn-881) are involved in effector binding. The participation of Arg-587 is unexpected, because it is known to be catalytically essential. Because this residue is in a highly conserved glycine-rich loop, which is characteristic of PEPC, L-aspartate seemingly causes inhibition by removing this glycine-rich loop from the catalytic site. There is another mobile loop from Lys-702 to Gly-708 that is missing in the crystal structure. The importance of this loop in catalytic activity was also shown. Thus, the crystal-structure determination of PEPC revealed two mobile loops bearing the enzymatic functions and accompanying allosteric inhibition by L-aspartate.


    Related Citations: 
    • First Crystallization of a Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxylase from Escherichia Coli
      Inoue, M.,Hayashi, M.,Sugimoto, M.,Harada, S.,Kai, Y.,Kasai, N.,Terada, K.,Izui, K.
      (1989) J.Mol.Biol. 208: 509


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Materials Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Suita, 565-0871, Japan. kai@chem.eng.osaka-u.ac.jp




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PHOSPHOENOLPYRUVATE CARBOXYLASE
A
883Escherichia coli (strain K12)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ppc (glu)
EC: 4.1.1.31
Find proteins for P00864 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Go to UniProtKB:  P00864
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ASP
Query on ASP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ASPARTIC ACID
C4 H7 N O4
CKLJMWTZIZZHCS-REOHCLBHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.259 
  • Space Group: I 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 117.600α = 90.00
b = 248.400β = 90.00
c = 82.700γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DMmodel building
MLPHAREphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
DENZOdata reduction
REFMACrefinement
DMphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1999-02-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Source and taxonomy, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2018-05-23
    Type: Data collection, Derived calculations