1ESW

X-RAY STRUCTURE OF ACARBOSE BOUND TO AMYLOMALTASE FROM THERMUS AQUATICUS. IMPLICATIONS FOR THE SYNTHESIS OF LARGE CYCLIC GLUCANS


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.219 
  • R-Value Work: 0.192 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

X-ray structure of acarbose bound to amylomaltase from Thermus aquaticus. Implications for the synthesis of large cyclic glucans.

Przylas, I.Terada, Y.Fujii, K.Takaha, T.Saenger, W.Strater, N.

(2000) Eur.J.Biochem. 267: 6903-6913


  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • As a member of the alpha-amylase superfamily of enzymes, amylomaltase catalyzes either the transglycosylation from one alpha-1,4 glucan to another or an intramolecular cyclization. The latter reaction is typical for cyclodextrin glucanotransferases. ...

    As a member of the alpha-amylase superfamily of enzymes, amylomaltase catalyzes either the transglycosylation from one alpha-1,4 glucan to another or an intramolecular cyclization. The latter reaction is typical for cyclodextrin glucanotransferases. In contrast to these enzymes, amylomaltase catalyzes the formation of cyclic glucans with a degree of polymerization larger than 22. To characterize the factors that determine the size of the synthesized cycloamyloses, we have analyzed the X-ray structure of amylomaltase from Thermus aquaticus in complex with the inhibitor acarbose, a maltotetraose derivative, at 1.9 A resolution. Two acarbose molecules are bound to the enzyme, one in the active site groove at subsite -3 to +1 and a second one approximately 14 A away from the nonreducing end of the acarbose bound to the catalytic site. The inhibitor bound to the catalytic site occupies subsites -3 to +1. Unlike the situation in other enzymes of the alpha-amylase family, the inhibitor is not processed and the inhibitory cyclitol ring of acarbose, which mimicks the half chair conformation of the transition state, does not bind to catalytic subsite -1. The minimum ring size of cycloamyloses produced by this enzyme is proposed to be determined by the distance of the specific substrate binding sites at the active site and near Tyr54 and by the size of the 460s loop. The 250s loop might be involved in binding of the substrate at the reducing end of the scissile bond.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institut für Chemie-Kristallographie, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
AMYLOMALTASE
A
500Thermus thermophilusGene Names: malQ
EC: 2.4.1.25
Find proteins for O87172 (Thermus thermophilus)
Go to UniProtKB:  O87172
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
EDO
Query on EDO

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
ETHYLENE GLYCOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACR
Query on ACR

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ALPHA-ACARBOSE
1,4-DEOXY-4-((5-HYDROXYMETHYL-2,3,4-TRIHYDROXYCYCLOHEX-5,6-ENYL)AMINO)FRUCTOSE
C25 H43 N O18
XUFXOAAUWZOOIT-WVJZLWNXSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.219 
  • R-Value Work: 0.192 
  • Space Group: P 64
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 154.000α = 90.00
b = 154.000β = 90.00
c = 64.200γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
CNSphasing
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2001-04-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance