Human CC chemokine I-309, structural consequences of the additional disulfide bond.Keizer, D.W., Crump, M.P., Lee, T.W., Slupsky, C.M., Clark-Lewis, I., Sykes, B.D.
(2000) Biochemistry 39: 6053-6059
- PubMed: 10821677
- PubMed Abstract:
I-309 is a member of the CC subclass of chemokines and is one of only three human chemokines known to contain an additional, third disulfide bond. The three-dimensional solution structure of I-309 was determined by (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance spe ...
I-309 is a member of the CC subclass of chemokines and is one of only three human chemokines known to contain an additional, third disulfide bond. The three-dimensional solution structure of I-309 was determined by (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and dynamic simulated annealing. The structure of I-309, which remains monomeric at high concentrations, was determined on the basis of 978 experimental restraints. The N-terminal region of I-309 was disordered, as has been previously observed for the CC chemokine eotaxin but not others such as MCP-1 and RANTES. This was followed in I-309 by a well-ordered region between residues 13 and 69 that consisted of a 3(10)-helix, a triple-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet, and finally a C-terminal alpha-helix. Root-mean-square deviations of 0.61 and 1.16 were observed for the backbone and heavy atoms, respectively. A comparison of I-309 to eotaxin and HCC-2 revealed a significant structural change in the C-terminal region of the protein. The alpha-helix normally present in chemokines was terminated early and was followed by a short section of extended strand. These changes were a direct result of the additional disulfide bond present in this protein. An examination of the I-309 structure will aid in an understanding of the specificity of this protein with its receptor, CCR8.
Protein Engineering Network Centres of Excellence (PENCE) and Department of Biochemistry, 713 Heritage Medical Research Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2S2.