1DX6

STRUCTURE OF ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE COMPLEXED WITH (-)-GALANTHAMINE AT 2.3A RESOLUTION


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.235 
  • R-Value Work: 0.192 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.192 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure of Acetylcholinesterase Complexed with (-)-Galanthamine at 2.3A Resolution

Greenblatt, H.M.Kryger, G.Lewis, T.T.Silman, I.Sussman, J.L.

(1999) FEBS Lett 463: 321

  • DOI: 10.1016/s0014-5793(99)01637-3
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • (-)-Galanthamine (GAL), an alkaloid from the flower, the common snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis), shows anticholinesterase activity. This property has made GAL the target of research as to its effectiveness in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. We hav ...

    (-)-Galanthamine (GAL), an alkaloid from the flower, the common snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis), shows anticholinesterase activity. This property has made GAL the target of research as to its effectiveness in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. We have solved the X-ray crystal structure of GAL bound in the active site of Torpedo californica acetylcholinesterase (TcAChE) to 2.3 A resolution. The inhibitor binds at the base of the active site gorge of TcAChE, interacting with both the choline-binding site (Trp-84) and the acyl-binding pocket (Phe-288, Phe-290). The tertiary amine group of GAL does not interact closely with Trp-84; rather, the double bond of its cyclohexene ring stacks against the indole ring. The tertiary amine appears to make a non-conventional hydrogen bond, via its N-methyl group, to Asp-72, near the top of the gorge. The hydroxyl group of the inhibitor makes a strong hydrogen bond (2.7 A) with Glu-199. The relatively tight binding of GAL to TcAChE appears to arise from a number of moderate to weak interactions with the protein, coupled to a low entropy cost for binding due to the rigid nature of the inhibitor.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Structural Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE
A
543Tetronarce californicaMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ache
EC: 3.1.1.7
Find proteins for P04058 (Tetronarce californica)
Go to UniProtKB:  P04058
Protein Feature View
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GNT
Query on GNT

Download CCD File 
A
(-)-GALANTHAMINE
C17 H21 N O3
ASUTZQLVASHGKV-JDFRZJQESA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download CCD File 
A
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PG4
Query on PG4

Download CCD File 
A
TETRAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C8 H18 O5
UWHCKJMYHZGTIT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
GNTIC50:  652   nM  BindingDB
GNTIC50:  360   nM  BindingDB
GNTKi:  190   nM  BindingDB
GNTIC50:  1069   nM  BindingDB
GNTIC50:  550   nM  BindingDB
GNTIC50:  590   nM  BindingDB
GNTIC50:  652   nM  Binding MOAD
GNTIC50:  418   nM  BindingDB
GNTIC50 :  652   nM  PDBBind
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.235 
  • R-Value Work: 0.192 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.192 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 111.234α = 90
b = 111.234β = 90
c = 136.967γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2000-01-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-27
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Other, Refinement description, Structure summary, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-07-05
    Changes: Data collection
  • Version 1.3: 2019-04-03
    Changes: Data collection, Experimental preparation