1DPK

SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF THE CYTOPLASMIC DOMAIN OF THE INTEGRIN ALPHA-IIB SUBUNIT


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 30 
  • Conformers Submitted: 16 
  • Selection Criteria: back calculated data agree with experimental NOESY spectrum 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

A structural basis for integrin activation by the cytoplasmic tail of the alpha IIb-subunit.

Vinogradova, O.Haas, T.Plow, E.F.Qin, J.

(2000) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 97: 1450-1455

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.040548197
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A key step in the activation of heterodimeric integrin adhesion receptors is the transmission of an agonist-induced cellular signal from the short alpha- and/or beta-cytoplasmic tails to the extracellular domains of the receptor. The structural detai ...

    A key step in the activation of heterodimeric integrin adhesion receptors is the transmission of an agonist-induced cellular signal from the short alpha- and/or beta-cytoplasmic tails to the extracellular domains of the receptor. The structural details of how the cytoplasmic tails mediate such an inside-out signaling process remain unclear. We report herein the NMR structures of a membrane-anchored cytoplasmic tail of the alpha(IIb)-subunit and of a mutant alpha(IIb)-cytoplasmic tail that renders platelet integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) constitutively active. The structure of the wild-type alpha(IIb)-cytoplasmic tail reveals a "closed" conformation where the highly conserved N-terminal membrane-proximal region forms an alpha-helix followed by a turn, and the acidic C-terminal loop interacts with the N-terminal helix. The structure of the active mutant is significantly different, having an "open" conformation where the interactions between the N-terminal helix and C-terminal region are abolished. Consistent with these structural differences, the two peptides differ in function: the wild-type peptide suppressed alpha(IIb)beta(3) activation, whereas the mutant peptide did not. These results provide an atomic explanation for extensive biochemical/mutational data and support a conformation-based "on/off switch" model for integrin activation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Cardiology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
INTEGRIN ALPHA-IIB SUBUNIT
A
20Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ITGA2B (GP2B, ITGAB)
Find proteins for P08514 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: ITGA2B
Go to UniProtKB:  P08514
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 30 
  • Conformers Submitted: 16 
  • Selection Criteria: back calculated data agree with experimental NOESY spectrum 
  • Olderado: 1DPK Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2000-02-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance