Flexibility of liver alcohol dehydrogenase in stereoselective binding of 3-butylthiolane 1-oxides.Cho, H., Ramaswamy, S., Plapp, B.V.
(1997) Biochemistry 36: 382-389
- PubMed: 9003191
- DOI: 10.1021/bi9624604
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- Also Cited By: 5VN1
- PubMed Abstract:
- Structure of a Triclinic Ternary Complex of Horse Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase at 2.9 A Resolution
Eklund, H.,Samma, J.P.,Wallen, L.,Branden, C.I.,Akeson, A.,Jones, T.A.
(1981) J.Mol.Biol. 146: 561
- Binding of Substrate in a Ternary Complex of Horse Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase
Eklund, H.,Plapp, B.V.,Samama, J.P.,Branden, C.I.
(1982) J.Biol.Chem. 257: 14349
- Three-Dimensional Structure of Horse Liver Alcohol Dehydrogenase at 2.4 A Resolution
Eklund, H.,Nordstrom, B.,Zeppezauer, E.,Soderlund, G.,Ohlsson, I.,Boiwe, T.,Soderberg, B.O.,Tapia, O.,Branden, C.I.,Akeson, A.
(1976) J.Mol.Biol. 102: 27
Thiolane 1-oxides are analogs of the carbonyl substrates that bind to the alcohol dehydrogenase-NADH complex and are potent uncompetitive inhibitors against alcohol [Chadha, V. K., et al. (1985) J. Med. Chem. 28, 36-40]. The four stereoisomers of 3-b ...
Thiolane 1-oxides are analogs of the carbonyl substrates that bind to the alcohol dehydrogenase-NADH complex and are potent uncompetitive inhibitors against alcohol [Chadha, V. K., et al. (1985) J. Med. Chem. 28, 36-40]. The four stereoisomers of 3-butylthiolane 1-oxide (BTO) were separated by chiral phase chromatography. CD and 1H-NMR spectra identified the enantiomeric pairs. 1H-NMR chemical shifts were assigned on the basis of COSY spectra of both diastereoisomers and confirmed by HMQC spectra. Coupling constants were determined through one-dimensional decoupling experiments. NMR with chiral shift reagents, Eu(hfc)3 [europium tris [3-[(heptafluoropropyl)hydroxymethylene]-(+)-camphorate]] or (R)-(-)-N-(3,5-dinitrobenzoyl)-alpha-methylbenzylamine, determined that the most inhibitory isomer is either 1S,3R or 1R,3S. The chemical shifts of protons in the thiolane 1-oxide ring were influenced by the whole structure and were not correlated with the computed Mulliken charges. X-ray crystallography at 2.1 and 1.66 A resolution of the ternary enzyme complexes with NADH demonstrated that the absolute configuration of the most inhibitory (Kii = 0.31 microM) stereoisomer is 1S,3R and the next best inhibitor (Kii = 0.73 microM) is 1S,3S. The thiolane 1-oxide rings bind in the same position, in the substrate binding site, but the geometry of the complexes suggests that the sulfoxides are not transition state analogs. Significantly, the butyl groups of the two isomers are accommodated differently by flexible amino acid side chains adopting alternative rotameric conformations.
Department of Biochemistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA.