1B0W

Structural comparison of amyloidogenic light chain dimer in two crystal forms with nonamyloidogenic counterparts


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.299 
  • R-Value Work: 0.226 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Tertiary structures of amyloidogenic and non-amyloidogenic transthyretin variants: new model for amyloid fibril formation

Schormann, N.Murrell, J.R.Benson, M.D.

(1998) Amyloid 5: 175-187

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1BZD, 1BZE, 1TSH, 2TRH, 2TRY

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The most common form of hereditary systemic amyloidosis is familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy associated with single amino acid changes in the plasma protein transthyretin. So far, high resolution structures of only three amyloidogenic variants (Met ...

    The most common form of hereditary systemic amyloidosis is familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy associated with single amino acid changes in the plasma protein transthyretin. So far, high resolution structures of only three amyloidogenic variants (Met30, Ser84, Ile122) and one non-amyloidogenic variant (Thr109) have been reported complemented by X-ray fiber diffraction studies and image reconstruction from electron micrographs of amyloid fibrils. To investigate the role of structural factors in this disease, we extended our studies to other transthyretin variants. We report crystallization and structural investigations of three amyloidogenic (Arg10, Ala60, Tyr77) and two non-amyloidogenic variants (Ser6, Met119). The similarity of these structures to normal transthyretin does not give direct clues to the fibril forming process. Since transthyretin amyloid fibrils contain a major fragment starting at position 49, besides the intact molecule, we calculated the solvent accessibility of residue 48. Indeed, all amyloidogenic variants show an increased main chain solvent exposure when compared to normal transthyretin and non-amyloidogenic variants, which can be postulated to result in increased susceptibility to proteolysis. After limited proteolysis, dimers are incapable of reassociation to native tetramers. We present a model for amyloid fibril formation based on formation of fibrils from N-terminal truncated dimers as building blocks.


    Related Citations: 
    • Tertiary Structure of an Amyloid Immunoglobulin Light Chain Protein: A Proposed Model for Amyloid Fibril Formation
      Schormann, N.,Murrell, J.R.,Liepnieks, J.J.,Benson, M.D.
      (1995) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 92: 9490


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis 46202, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
BENCE-JONES KAPPA I PROTEIN BRE
A, B, C
108Homo sapiensN/A
Find proteins for P01594 (Homo sapiens)
Go to UniProtKB:  P01594
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.299 
  • R-Value Work: 0.226 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 82.040α = 90.00
b = 142.110β = 90.00
c = 77.860γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORrefinement
bioteXdata collection
bioteXdata scaling
bioteXdata reduction
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1998-11-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-26
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-04
    Type: Refinement description