1AIX

HUMAN ALPHA-THROMBIN TERNARY COMPLEX WITH EXOSITE INHIBITOR HIRUGEN AND ACTIVE SITE INHIBITOR PHCH2OCO-D-DPA-PRO-BOROVAL


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.230 
  • R-Value Work: 0.170 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.5 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The refined 1.9-A X-ray crystal structure of D-Phe-Pro-Arg chloromethylketone-inhibited human alpha-thrombin: structure analysis, overall structure, electrostatic properties, detailed active-site geometry, and structure-function relationships.

Bode, W.Turk, D.Karshikov, A.

(1992) Protein Sci 1: 426-471

  • DOI: 10.1002/pro.5560010402
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1AI8, 1AIX

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Thrombin is a multifunctional serine proteinase that plays a key role in coagulation while exhibiting several other key cellular bioregulatory functions. The X-ray crystal structure of human alpha-thrombin was determined in its complex with the specific thrombin inhibitor D-Phe-Pro-Arg chloromethylketone (PPACK) using Patterson search methods and a search model derived from trypsinlike proteinases of known spatial structure (Bode, W ...

    Thrombin is a multifunctional serine proteinase that plays a key role in coagulation while exhibiting several other key cellular bioregulatory functions. The X-ray crystal structure of human alpha-thrombin was determined in its complex with the specific thrombin inhibitor D-Phe-Pro-Arg chloromethylketone (PPACK) using Patterson search methods and a search model derived from trypsinlike proteinases of known spatial structure (Bode, W., Mayr, I., Baumann, U., Huber, R., Stone, S.R., & Hofsteenge, J., 1989, EMBO J. 8, 3467-3475). The crystallographic refinement of the PPACK-thrombin model has now been completed at an R value of 0.156 (8 to 1.92 A); in particular, the amino- and the carboxy-termini of the thrombin A-chain are now defined and all side-chain atoms localized; only proline 37 was found to be in a cis-peptidyl conformation. The thrombin B-chain exhibits the characteristic polypeptide fold of trypsinlike serine proteinases; 195 residues occupy topologically equivalent positions with residues in bovine trypsin and 190 with those in bovine chymotrypsin with a root-mean-square (r.m.s.) deviation of 0.8 A for their alpha-carbon atoms. Most of the inserted residues constitute novel surface loops. A chymotrypsinogen numbering is suggested for thrombin based on the topological equivalences. The thrombin A-chain is arranged in a boomeranglike shape against the B-chain globule opposite to the active site; it resembles somewhat the propeptide of chymotrypsin(ogen) and is similarly not involved in substrate and inhibitor binding. Thrombin possesses an exceptionally large proportion of charged residues. The negatively and positively charged residues are not distributed uniformly over the whole molecule, but are clustered to form a sandwichlike electrostatic potential; in particular, two extended patches of mainly positively charged residues occur close to the carboxy-terminal B-chain helix (forming the presumed heparin-binding site) and on the surface of loop segment 70-80 (the fibrin[ogen] secondary binding exosite), respectively; the negatively charged residues are more clustered in the ringlike region between both poles, particularly around the active site. Several of the charged residues are involved in salt bridges; most are on the surface, but 10 charged protein groups form completely buried salt bridges and clusters. These electrostatic interactions play a particularly important role in the intrachain stabilization of the A-chain, in the coherence between the A- and the B-chain, and in the surface structure of the fibrin(ogen) secondary binding exosite (loop segment 67-80).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)


    Related Citations: 
    • Crystallographic Analysis at 3.0-A Resolution of the Binding to Human Thrombin of Four Active Site-Directed Inhibitors
      Banner, D.W., Hadvary, P.
      (1991) J Biol Chem 266: 20085

    Organizational Affiliation

    Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Martinsried, Germany.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ALPHA-THROMBIN (SMALL SUBUNIT)A [auth L]36Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
PHAROS:  P00734
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ALPHA-THROMBIN (LARGE SUBUNIT)B [auth H]259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
PHAROS:  P00734
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
HIRUGENC [auth I]12Hirudo medicinalisMutation(s): 0 
UniProt
Find proteins for P28507 (Hirudo medicinalis)
Explore P28507 
Go to UniProtKB:  P28507
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
T19
Query on T19

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth H]PHENYLMETHYLENECARBOXY-(METHYLENEAMINO-FORMYL-DIPHENYLMETHYL)METHY-PRO-BOROVAL
C32 H34 B N3 O6
HDJOUHBCHJHXKC-WDYNHAJCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
TYS
Query on TYS
C [auth I]L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC9 H11 N O6 STYR
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.230 
  • R-Value Work: 0.170 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 69.91α = 90
b = 71.191β = 100.29
c = 71.889γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 1997-10-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-03
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Atomic model, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2012-04-11
    Changes: Non-polymer description
  • Version 1.4: 2012-12-12
    Changes: Other
  • Version 1.5: 2013-03-13
    Changes: Other