1AE8

HUMAN ALPHA-THROMBIN INHIBITION BY EOC-D-PHE-PRO-AZALYS-ONP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Human alpha-thrombin inhibition by the highly selective compounds N-ethoxycarbonyl-D-Phe-Pro-alpha-azaLys p-nitrophenyl ester and N-carbobenzoxy-Pro-alpha-azaLys p-nitrophenyl ester: a kinetic, thermodynamic and X-ray crystallographic study.

De Simone, G.Balliano, G.Milla, P.Gallina, C.Giordano, C.Tarricone, C.Rizzi, M.Bolognesi, M.Ascenzi, P.

(1997) J.Mol.Biol. 269: 558-569

  • DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.1997.1037
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Kinetics, thermodynamics and structural aspects of human alpha-thrombin (thrombin) inhibition by newly synthesized low molecular weight derivatives of alpha-azalysine have been investigated. The thrombin catalyzed hydrolysis of N-ethoxycarbonyl-D-Phe ...

    Kinetics, thermodynamics and structural aspects of human alpha-thrombin (thrombin) inhibition by newly synthesized low molecular weight derivatives of alpha-azalysine have been investigated. The thrombin catalyzed hydrolysis of N-ethoxycarbonyl-D-Phe-Pro-alpha-azaLys p-nitrophenyl ester (Eoc-D-Phe-Pro-azaLys-ONp) and N-carbobenzoxy-Pro-alpha-azaLys p-nitrophenyl ester (Cbz-Pro-azaLys-ONp) was investigated at pH 6.2 and 21.0 degrees C, and analyzed in parallel with that of N-alpha-(N,N-dimethylcarbamoyl)-alpha-azalysine p-nitrophenyl ester (Dmc-azaLys-ONp). Decarboxylation following the enzymatic hydrolysis of these p-nitrophenyl esters gave the corresponding 1-peptidyl-2(4-aminobutyl) hydrazines (peptidyl-Abh) showing properties of thrombin competitive inhibitors. Therefore, thermodynamics for the reversible binding of D-Phe-Pro-Abh, Cbz-Pro-Abh and Dmc-Abh to thrombin was examined. These results are consistent with the minimum four-step catalytic mechanism for product inhibition of serine proteinases. Eoc-D-Phe-Pro-azaLys-ONp and Eoc-D-Phe-Pro-Abh display a sub-micromolar affinity for thrombin together with a high selectivity versus homologous plasmatic and pancreatic serine proteinases acting on cationic substrates. The three-dimensional structures of the reversible non-covalent thrombin:Eoc-D-Phe-Pro-Abh and thrombin:Cbz-Pro-Abh complexes have been determined by X-ray crystallography at 2.0 A resolution (R-factor = 0.169 and 0.179, respectively), and analyzed in parallel with that of the thrombin:Dmc-azaLys acyl-enzyme adduct. Both Eoc-D-Phe-Pro-Abh and Cbz-Pro-Abh competitive inhibitors are accommodated in the thrombin active center, spanning the region between the aryl binding site and the S1 primary specificity subsite.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, University of Napoli, Italy.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ALPHA-THROMBIN (SMALL SUBUNIT)
L
36Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ALPHA-THROMBIN (LARGE SUBUNIT)
H
259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
HIRUGEN
I
10Hirudo medicinalisMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P01050 (Hirudo medicinalis)
Go to UniProtKB:  P01050
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
AZL
Query on AZL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
H
1-ETHOXYCARBONYL-D-PHE-PRO-2(4-AMINOBUTYL)HYDRAZINE
C21 H33 N5 O4
AEHSFPPTWRQOFS-MSOLQXFVSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
H
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
TYS
Query on TYS
I
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC9 H11 N O6 STYR
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 71.710α = 90.00
b = 72.550β = 100.39
c = 73.200γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CCP4phasing
MOSFLMdata reduction
CCP4data scaling
ROTAVATA)data scaling
TNTrefinement
ROTAVATA-AGROVATAdata reduction
CCP4model building

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1997-12-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Atomic model, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary, Version format compliance