189L

ENHANCEMENT OF PROTEIN STABILITY BY THE COMBINATION OF POINT MUTATIONS IN T4 LYSOZYME IS ADDITIVE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Enhancement of protein stability by the combination of point mutations in T4 lysozyme is additive.

Zhang, X.J.Baase, W.A.Shoichet, B.K.Wilson, K.P.Matthews, B.W.

(1995) Protein Eng. 8: 1017-1022


  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A number of mutations have been shown previously to stabilize T4 lysozyme. By combining up to seven such mutations in the same protein, the melting temperature was incrementally increased by up to 8.3 degrees C at pH 5.4 (delta delta G = 3.6 kcal/mol ...

    A number of mutations have been shown previously to stabilize T4 lysozyme. By combining up to seven such mutations in the same protein, the melting temperature was incrementally increased by up to 8.3 degrees C at pH 5.4 (delta delta G = 3.6 kcal/mol). This shows that it is possible to engineer a protein of enhanced thermostability by combining a series of rationally designed point mutations. It is also shown that this stabilization is achieved with only minor, localized changes in the structure of the protein. This is consistent with the observation that the change in stability of each of the multiple mutants is, in each case, additive, i.e. equal to the sum of the stability changes associated with the constituent single mutants. One of the seven substitutions, Asn116-->Asp, changes a residue that participates in substrate binding; not surprisingly, it causes a significant loss in activity. Ignoring this mutation, there is a gradual reduction in activity as successively more mutations are combined.


    Related Citations: 
    • Structure of Bacteriophage T4 Lysozyme Refined at 1.7 Angstroms Resolution
      Weaver, L.H.,Matthews, B.W.
      (1987) J.Mol.Biol. 193: 189


    Organizational Affiliation

    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Oregon, Eugene 97403, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
T4 LYSOZYME
A
164Enterobacteria phage T4Gene Names: E
EC: 3.2.1.17
Find proteins for P00720 (Enterobacteria phage T4)
Go to UniProtKB:  P00720
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 34.600α = 90.00
b = 56.800β = 90.00
c = 94.400γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
TNTrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1995-07-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-29
    Type: Derived calculations, Other