5'-methylthioadenosine/S-adenosylhomocysteine nucleosidase

UniProtKB accession:  P0AF12
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Go to UniProtKB:  P0AF12
UniProtKB description:  Catalyzes the irreversible cleavage of the glycosidic bond in both 5'-methylthioadenosine (MTA) and S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH/AdoHcy) to adenine and the corresponding thioribose, 5'-methylthioribose and S-ribosylhomocysteine, respectively (PubMed:3911944, PubMed:16101288). Also cleaves 5'-deoxyadenosine, a toxic by-product of radical S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) enzymes, into 5-deoxyribose and adenine. Thus, is required for in vivo function of the radical SAM enzymes biotin synthase and lipoic acid synthase, that are inhibited by 5'-deoxyadenosine accumulation (PubMed:15911379). Can also use 5'-isobutylthioadenosine, 5'-n-butylthioadenosine, S-adenosyl-D-homocysteine, decarboxylated adenosylhomocysteine, deaminated adenosylhomocysteine and S-2-aza-adenosylhomocysteine as substrates in vitro (PubMed:3911944).
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