8IKW

A complex structure of PGIP-PG


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.94 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.233 
  • R-Value Work: 0.192 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.194 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

A plant mechanism of hijacking pathogen virulence factors to trigger innate immunity.

Xiao, Y.Sun, G.Yu, Q.Gao, T.Zhu, Q.Wang, R.Huang, S.Han, Z.Cervone, F.Yin, H.Qi, T.Wang, Y.Chai, J.

(2024) Science 383: 732-739

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.adj9529
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    8IKW, 8IKX

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Polygalacturonase-inhibiting proteins (PGIPs) interact with pathogen-derived polygalacturonases to inhibit their virulence-associated plant cell wall-degrading activity but stimulate immunity-inducing oligogalacturonide production. Here we show that interaction between Phaseolus vulgaris PGIP2 (PvPGIP2) and Fusarium phyllophilum polygalacturonase (FpPG) enhances substrate binding, resulting in inhibition of the enzyme activity of FpPG. This interaction promotes FpPG-catalyzed production of long-chain immunoactive oligogalacturonides, while diminishing immunosuppressive short oligogalacturonides. PvPGIP2 binding creates a substrate binding site on PvPGIP2-FpPG, forming a new polygalacturonase with boosted substrate binding activity and altered substrate preference. Structure-based engineering converts a putative PGIP that initially lacks FpPG-binding activity into an effective FpPG-interacting protein. These findings unveil a mechanism for plants to transform pathogen virulence activity into a defense trigger and provide proof of principle for engineering PGIPs with broader specificity.


  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Plant Pathology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China.


Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Polygalacturonase inhibitor 2A,
C,
D [auth E],
E [auth G]
313Phaseolus vulgarisMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: PGIP2
UniProt
Find proteins for P58822 (Phaseolus vulgaris)
Explore P58822 
Go to UniProtKB:  P58822
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP58822
Sequence Annotations
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Endo-polygalacturonaseB,
F [auth D],
G [auth F],
H
349Fusarium phyllophilumMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: FPHYL_6983
UniProt
Find proteins for A0A8H5NAM9 (Fusarium phyllophilum)
Explore A0A8H5NAM9 
Go to UniProtKB:  A0A8H5NAM9
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupA0A8H5NAM9
Sequence Annotations
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChains Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
I
3N-Glycosylation
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G15407YE
GlyCosmos:  G15407YE
GlyGen:  G15407YE
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChains Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-L-fucopyranose-(1-3)-[2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)][alpha-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
J
4N-Glycosylation
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G63564LA
GlyCosmos:  G63564LA
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChains Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
K, L, M, N, O
K, L, M, N, O, P, S, T
2N-Glycosylation
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G42666HT
GlyCosmos:  G42666HT
GlyGen:  G42666HT
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChains Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-[alpha-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
Q
3N-Glycosylation
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G21290RB
GlyCosmos:  G21290RB
GlyGen:  G21290RB
Entity ID: 7
MoleculeChains Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-[alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)]beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
R
5N-Glycosylation
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G22768VO
GlyCosmos:  G22768VO
GlyGen:  G22768VO
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.94 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.233 
  • R-Value Work: 0.192 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.194 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 68.727α = 63.93
b = 105.218β = 89.12
c = 113.821γ = 86.27
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)China--

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2024-02-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2024-02-28
    Changes: Database references