Comparison of the structures of three carboxypeptidase A-phosphonate complexes determined by X-ray crystallography.Kim, H., Lipscomb, W.N.
(1991) Biochemistry 30: 8171-8180
- PubMed: 1868092
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Synthesis and Evaluation of an Inhibitor of Carboxypeptidase a with a KI Value in the Femtomolar Range
Kaplan, A.P.,Bartlett, P.A.
(1991) Biochemistry 30: 8165
- Crystal Structure of the Complex of Carboxypeptidase a with a Strongly Bound Phosphonate in a New Crystalline Form: Comparison with Structures of Other Complexes
Kim, H.,Lipscomb, W.N.
(1990) Biochemistry 29: 5546
- Refined Crystal Structure of Carboxypeptidase a at 1.54 Angstroms Resolution
Rees, D.C.,Lewis, M.,Lipscomb, W.N.
(1983) J.Mol.Biol. 168: 367
The structures of the complexes of carboxypeptidase A (CPA) with two tight-binding phosphonate inhibitors have been determined by X-ray crystallography. The inhibitors, Cbz-Phe-ValP-(O)-Phe[ZFVP(O)F] and Cbz-Ala-GlyP-(O)-Phe[ZAGP(O)F], bind noncovale ...
The structures of the complexes of carboxypeptidase A (CPA) with two tight-binding phosphonate inhibitors have been determined by X-ray crystallography. The inhibitors, Cbz-Phe-ValP-(O)-Phe[ZFVP(O)F] and Cbz-Ala-GlyP-(O)-Phe[ZAGP(O)F], bind noncovalently to CPA with dissociation constants (Ki's) of 11 fM and 710 pM, respectively. The CPA-ZFVP(O)F complex crystallizes in the space group P2(1)2(1)2(1) with unit cell parameters a = 65.3 A, b = 63.4 A, and c = 76.0 A, and the CPA-ZAGP(O)F complex crystallizes in the space group P2(1)2(1)2(1) with unit cell parameters a = 63.4 A, b = 65.9 A, and c = 74.4 A. Both structures were determined by molecular replacement to a resolution of 2.0 A. The final crystallographic residuals are 0.189 for the CPA-ZFVP(O)F complex and 0.191 for the CPA-ZAGP(O)F complex. The CPA-ZFVP(O)F complex exhibits the lowest Ki yet determined for an enzyme-inhibitor interaction. Comparison of the CPA-ZFVP(O)F structure with that of the CPA-ZAAP(O)F complex [Kim, H., & Lipscomb, W.N. (1990) Biochemistry 29, 5546-5555] indicates the likely important contributions of hydrophobic and weakly polar enzyme-inhibitor interactions to the exceptional stability of the CPA-ZFVP(O)F complex. Among these interactions is a network of four aromatic rings of CPA and ZFVP(O)F in a configuration that allows stabilizing aromatic-aromatic edge-to-face interactions from one ring to the next. A comparison of the structures of the CPA-ZFVP(O)F, CPA-ZAAP(O)F and CPA-ZAGP(O)F complexes shows that all three phosphonates assume a similar binding mode in the active-site binding groove of CPA. For ZAGP(O)F, the glycyl P1 residue does not lead to an anomalous or a partially disordered binding mode as seen in some previous complexes of CPA involving dipeptide analogue inhibitors with glycyl P1 residues. The additional enzyme-inhibitor interactions for these tripeptide phosphonates secure a binding mode in which a Pi portion of the inhibitor is clearly bound by the corresponding Si binding subsite. These three phosphonates have been implicated as transition-state analogues of the CPA-catalyzed reaction. The phosphinyl groups of these phosphonates coordinate to the active-site zinc in a manner that has been proposed as a characteristic feature of the general-base (Zn-hydroxyl or Zn-water) mechanism for the CPA-catalyzed reaction. Further mechanistic proposals are made for Arg-127, whose probable role in binding substrates is apparent in these CPA-phosphonate complexes.
Gibbs Chemical Laboratory, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138.