Native structure of a small alarmone hydrolase (RelH) from Corynebacterium glutamicum

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.206 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.178 

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Structural variations between small alarmone hydrolase dimers support different modes of regulation of the stringent response.

Bisiak, F.Chrenkova, A.Zhang, S.D.Pedersen, J.N.Otzen, D.E.Zhang, Y.E.Brodersen, D.E.

(2022) J Biol Chem 298: 102142-102142

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbc.2022.102142
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    7QOC, 7QOD, 7QOE

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    The bacterial stringent response involves wide-ranging metabolic reprogramming aimed at increasing long-term survivability during stress conditions. One of the hallmarks of the stringent response is the production of a set of modified nucleotides, known as alarmones, which affect a multitude of cellular pathways in diverse ways. Production and degradation of these molecules depend on the activity of enzymes from the RelA/SpoT homologous family, which come in both bifunctional (containing domains to both synthesize and hydrolyze alarmones) and monofunctional (consisting of only synthetase or hydrolase domain) variants, of which the structure, activity, and regulation of the bifunctional RelA/SpoT homologs have been studied most intensely. Despite playing an important role in guanosine nucleotide homeostasis in particular, mechanisms of regulation of the small alarmone hydrolases (SAHs) are still rather unclear. Here, we present crystal structures of SAH enzymes from Corynebacterium glutamicum (RelH Cg ) and Leptospira levettii (RelH Ll ) and show that while being highly similar, structural differences in substrate access and dimer conformations might be important for regulating their activity. We propose that a varied dimer form is a general property of the SAH family, based on current structural information as well as prediction models for this class of enzymes. Finally, subtle structural variations between monofunctional and bifunctional enzymes point to how these different classes of enzymes are regulated.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, Aarhus C, Denmark.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Guanosine polyphosphate pyrophosphohydrolases/synthetases
A, B
196Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Cgl1313
Find proteins for Q8NQV9 (Corynebacterium glutamicum (strain ATCC 13032 / DSM 20300 / BCRC 11384 / JCM 1318 / LMG 3730 / NCIMB 10025))
Explore Q8NQV9 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8NQV9
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ8NQV9
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.206 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.178 
  • Space Group: P 63
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 94.332α = 90
b = 94.332β = 90
c = 80.561γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata reduction
XDSdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

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Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data

Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Novo Nordisk FoundationDenmarkNNF18OC0030646

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2022-07-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2022-07-27
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2024-05-01
    Changes: Data collection, Refinement description