SARS-CoV-2 D614G 1-RBD-up Spike Protein Trimer without the P986-P987 stabilizing mutations (S-GSAS-D614G sub classification)

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 3.33 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report

This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


D614G Mutation Alters SARS-CoV-2 Spike Conformation and Enhances Protease Cleavage at the S1/S2 Junction.

Gobeil, S.M.Janowska, K.McDowell, S.Mansouri, K.Parks, R.Manne, K.Stalls, V.Kopp, M.F.Henderson, R.Edwards, R.J.Haynes, B.F.Acharya, P.

(2021) Cell Rep 34: 108630-108630

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2020.108630
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    7KDG, 7KDH, 7KDI, 7KDJ, 7KDK, 7KDL, 7KE4, 7KE6, 7KE7, 7KE8, 7KE9, 7KEA, 7KEB, 7KEC

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    The severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike (S) protein is the target of vaccine design efforts to end the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Despite a low mutation rate, isolates with the D614G substitution in the S protein appeared early during the pandemic and are now the dominant form worldwide. Here, we explore S conformational changes and the effects of the D614G mutation on a soluble S ectodomain construct. Cryoelectron microscopy (cryo-EM) structures reveal altered receptor binding domain (RBD) disposition; antigenicity and proteolysis experiments reveal structural changes and enhanced furin cleavage efficiency of the G614 variant. Furthermore, furin cleavage alters the up/down ratio of the RBDs in the G614 S ectodomain, demonstrating an allosteric effect on RBD positioning triggered by changes in the SD2 region, which harbors residue 614 and the furin cleavage site. Our results elucidate SARS-CoV-2 S conformational landscape and allostery and have implications for vaccine design.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, NC 27710, USA; Department of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710, USA.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Spike glycoprotein
A, B, C
1,288Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2Mutation(s): 4 
Gene Names: S2
Find proteins for P0DTC2 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2)
Explore P0DTC2 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DTC2
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP0DTC2
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence


Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChains Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
D, E, F, G, H
D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G42666HT
GlyCosmos:  G42666HT
GlyGen:  G42666HT
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChains Name / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
Query on NAG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
AA [auth B]
BA [auth B]
CA [auth B]
DA [auth B]
EA [auth B]
AA [auth B],
BA [auth B],
CA [auth B],
DA [auth B],
EA [auth B],
FA [auth B],
GA [auth B],
HA [auth B],
IA [auth B],
JA [auth B],
KA [auth B],
LA [auth C],
MA [auth C],
NA [auth C],
OA [auth C],
P [auth A],
PA [auth C],
Q [auth A],
QA [auth C],
R [auth A],
RA [auth C],
S [auth A],
SA [auth C],
T [auth A],
TA [auth C],
U [auth A],
UA [auth C],
V [auth A],
VA [auth C],
W [auth A],
WA [auth C],
X [auth A],
Y [auth A],
Z [auth B]
C8 H15 N O6
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 3.33 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report

Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data

Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute Of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIH/NIAID)United States--

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2020-11-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2021-03-31
    Changes: Database references