Structural insights into novel mechanisms of inhibition of the major beta-carbonic anhydrase CafB from the pathogenic fungus Aspergillus fumigatus.Kim, S., Yeon, J., Sung, J., Kim, N.J., Hong, S., Jin, M.S.
(2021) J Struct Biol 213: 107700-107700
- PubMed: 33545350
- DOI: 10.1016/j.jsb.2021.107700
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
7CXW, 7CXX, 7CXY
- PubMed Abstract:
In fungi the β-class of carbonic anhydrases (β-CAs) are zinc metalloenzymes that are essential for growth, survival, differentiation, and virulence. Aspergillus fumigatus is the most important pathogen responsible for invasive aspergillosis and possesses two major β-CAs, CafA and CafB ...
In fungi the β-class of carbonic anhydrases (β-CAs) are zinc metalloenzymes that are essential for growth, survival, differentiation, and virulence. Aspergillus fumigatus is the most important pathogen responsible for invasive aspergillosis and possesses two major β-CAs, CafA and CafB. Recently we reported the biochemical characterization and 1.8 Å crystal structure of CafA. Here, we report a crystallographic analysis of CafB revealing the mechanism of enzyme catalysis and establish the relationship of this enzyme to other β-CAs. While CafA has a typical open conformation, CafB, when exposed to acidic pH and/or an oxidative environment, has a novel type of active site in which a disulfide bond is formed between two zinc-ligating cysteines, expelling the zinc ion and stabilizing the inactive form of the enzyme. Based on the structural data, we generated an oxidation-resistant mutant (Y159A) of CafB. The crystal structure of the mutant under reducing conditions retains a catalytic zinc at the expected position, tetrahedrally coordinated by three residues (C57, H113 and C116) and an aspartic acid (D59), and replacing the zinc-bound water molecule in the closed form. Furthermore, the active site of CafB crystals grown under zinc-limiting conditions has a novel conformation in which the solvent-exposed catalytic cysteine (C116) is flipped out of the metal coordination sphere, facilitating release of the zinc ion. Taken together, our results suggest that A. fumigatus use sophisticated activity-inhibiting strategies to enhance its survival during infection.
School of Life Sciences, GIST, 123 Cheomdan-gwagiro, Buk-gu, Gwangju 61005, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: email@example.com.