7CZH

PL24 ulvan lyase-Uly1


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.194 
  • R-Value Work: 0.156 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.158 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Mechanistic Insights into Substrate Recognition and Catalysis of a New Ulvan Lyase of Polysaccharide Lyase Family 24.

Xu, F.Dong, F.Sun, X.H.Cao, H.Y.Fu, H.H.Li, C.Y.Zhang, X.Y.McMinn, A.Zhang, Y.Z.Wang, P.Chen, X.L.

(2021) Appl Environ Microbiol 87: e0041221-e0041221

  • DOI: 10.1128/AEM.00412-21
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    7CZH, 7DRQ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Ulvan is an important marine polysaccharide. Bacterial ulvan lyases play important roles in ulvan degradation and marine carbon cycling. Until now, only a small number of ulvan lyases have been characterized. Here, a new ulvan lyase, Uly1, belonging to polysaccharide lyase family 24 (PL24) from the marine bacterium Catenovulum maritimum, is characterized ...

    Ulvan is an important marine polysaccharide. Bacterial ulvan lyases play important roles in ulvan degradation and marine carbon cycling. Until now, only a small number of ulvan lyases have been characterized. Here, a new ulvan lyase, Uly1, belonging to polysaccharide lyase family 24 (PL24) from the marine bacterium Catenovulum maritimum, is characterized. The optimal temperature and pH for Uly1 to degrade ulvan are 40°C and pH 9.0, respectively. Uly1 degrades ulvan polysaccharides in the endolytic manner, mainly producing ΔRha3S, consisting of an unsaturated 4-deoxy-l- threo -hex-4-enopyranosiduronic acid and a 3-O-sulfated α-l-rhamnose. The structure of Uly1 was resolved at a 2.10-Å resolution. Uly1 adopts a seven-bladed β-propeller architecture. Structural and site-directed mutagenesis analyses indicate that four highly conserved residues, H128, H149, Y223, and R239, are essential for catalysis. H128 functions as both the catalytic acid and base, H149 and R239 function as the neutralizers, and Y223 plays a supporting role in catalysis. Structural comparison and sequence alignment suggest that Uly1 and many other PL24 enzymes may directly bind the substrate near the catalytic residues for catalysis, different from the PL24 ulvan lyase LOR_107, which adopts a two-stage substrate binding process. This study provides new insights into ulvan lyases and ulvan degradation. IMPORTANCE Ulvan is a major cell wall component of green algae of the genus Ulva. Many marine heterotrophic bacteria can produce extracellular ulvan lyases to degrade ulvan for a carbon nutrient. In addition, ulvan has a range of physiological bioactivities based on its specific chemical structure. Ulvan lyase thus plays an important role in marine carbon cycling and has great potential in biotechnological applications. However, only a small number of ulvan lyases have been characterized over the past 10 years. Here, based on biochemical and structural analyses, a new ulvan lyase of polysaccharide lyase family 24 is characterized, and its substrate recognition and catalytic mechanisms are revealed. Moreover, a new substrate binding process adopted by PL24 ulvan lyases is proposed. This study offers a better understanding of bacterial ulvan lyases and is helpful for studying the application potentials of ulvan lyases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory for Marine Biology and Biotechnology, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, China.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Uly1A, B492Catenovulum maritimumMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: XM47_11230
UniProt
Find proteins for A0A0J8GWN9 (Catenovulum maritimum)
Explore A0A0J8GWN9 
Go to UniProtKB:  A0A0J8GWN9
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupA0A0J8GWN9
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.194 
  • R-Value Work: 0.156 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.158 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 58.1α = 90
b = 99.444β = 90.55
c = 94.996γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-3000data reduction
HKL-3000data scaling
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2021-04-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2021-10-13
    Changes: Database references