6XYS

Update of native acetylcholinesterase from Drosophila Melanogaster


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.46 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.296 
  • R-Value Work: 0.229 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.233 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 3.0 of the entry. See complete history

Re-refinement Note

This entry reflects an alternative modeling of the original data in:1qo9


Literature

A Second Look at the Crystal Structures ofDrosophila melanogasterAcetylcholinesterase in Complex with Tacrine Derivatives Provides Insights Concerning Catalytic Intermediates and the Design of Specific Insecticides.

Nachon, F.Rosenberry, T.L.Silman, I.Sussman, J.L.

(2020) Molecules 25

  • DOI: 10.3390/molecules25051198
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6XYS, 6XYU, 6XYY

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Over recent decades, crystallographic software for data processing and structure refinement has improved dramatically, resulting in more accurate and detailed crystal structures. It is, therefore, sometimes valuable to have a second look at "old" diffraction data, especially when earlier interpretation of the electron density maps was rather difficult ...

    Over recent decades, crystallographic software for data processing and structure refinement has improved dramatically, resulting in more accurate and detailed crystal structures. It is, therefore, sometimes valuable to have a second look at "old" diffraction data, especially when earlier interpretation of the electron density maps was rather difficult. Here, we present updated crystal structures of Drosophila melanogaster acetylcholinesterase ( Dm AChE) originally published in [Harel et al., Prot Sci (2000) 9:1063-1072], which reveal features previously unnoticed. Thus, previously unmodeled density in the native active site can be interpreted as stable acetylation of the catalytic serine. Similarly, a strong density in the Dm AChE/ZA complex originally attributed to a sulfate ion is better interpreted as a small molecule that is covalently bound. This small molecule can be modeled as either a propionate or a glycinate. The complex is reminiscent of the carboxylate butyrylcholinesterase complexes observed in crystal structures of human butyrylcholinesterases from various sources, and demonstrates the remarkable ability of cholinesterases to stabilize covalent complexes with carboxylates. A very strong peak of density (10 σ) at covalent distance from the Cβ of the catalytic serine is present in the Dm AChE/ZAI complex. This can be undoubtedly attributed to an iodine atom, suggesting an unanticipated iodo/hydroxyl exchange between Ser238 and the inhibitor, possibly driven by the intense X-ray irradiation. Finally, the binding of tacrine-derived inhibitors, such as ZA (1DX4) or the iodinated analog, ZAI (1QON) results in the appearance of an open channel that connects the base of the active-site gorge to the solvent. This channel, which arises due to the absence of the conserved tyrosine present in vertebrate cholinesterases, could be exploited to design inhibitors specific to insect cholinesterases. The present study demonstrates that updated processing of older diffraction images, and the re-refinement of older diffraction data, can produce valuable information that could not be detected in the original analysis, and strongly supports the preservation of the diffraction images in public data banks.


    Related Citations: 
    • Three-dimensional structures of Drosophila melanogaster acetylcholinesterase and of its complexes with two potent inhibitors.
      Harel, M., Kryger, G., Rosenberry, T.L., Mallender, W.D., Lewis, T., Fletcher, R.J., Guss, J.M., Silman, I., Sussman, J.L.
      (2000) Protein Sci 9: 1063

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Structural Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science, 7610001 Rehovot, Israel.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
AcetylcholinesteraseA581Drosophila melanogasterMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: AceCG17907
EC: 3.1.1.7
UniProt
Find proteins for P07140 (Drosophila melanogaster)
Explore P07140 
Go to UniProtKB:  P07140
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseB5N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G13736LO
GlyCosmos:  G13736LO
GlyGen:  G13736LO
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ACT
Query on ACT

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.46 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.296 
  • R-Value Work: 0.229 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.233 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 94.62α = 90
b = 94.62β = 90
c = 159.01γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata processing
XSCALEdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement
Cootmodel building
PHASERphasing
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2020-03-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary
  • Version 3.0: 2021-05-05
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary