Crystal structure of glycoprotein D of Equine Herpesvirus Type 1

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.25 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.257 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.206 

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Crystal structures of glycoprotein D of equine alphaherpesviruses reveal potential binding sites to the entry receptor MHC-I.

Kremling, V.Loll, B.Pach, S.Dahmani, I.Weise, C.Wolber, G.Chiantia, S.Wahl, M.C.Osterrieder, N.Azab, W.

(2023) Front Microbiol 14: 1197120-1197120

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2023.1197120
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6SQJ, 6TM8

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Cell entry of most alphaherpesviruses is mediated by the binding of glycoprotein D (gD) to different cell surface receptors. Equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) and EHV-4 gDs interact with equine major histocompatibility complex I (MHC-I) to initiate entry into equine cells. We have characterized the gD-MHC-I interaction by solving the crystal structures of EHV-1 and EHV-4 gDs (gD1, gD4), performing protein-protein docking simulations, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analysis, and biological assays. The structures of gD1 and gD4 revealed the existence of a common V-set immunoglobulin-like (IgV-like) core comparable to those of other gD homologs. Molecular modeling yielded plausible binding hypotheses and identified key residues (F213 and D261) that are important for virus binding. Altering the key residues resulted in impaired virus growth in cells, which highlights the important role of these residues in the gD-MHC-I interaction. Taken together, our results add to our understanding of the initial herpesvirus-cell interactions and will contribute to the targeted design of antiviral drugs and vaccine development.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Institut für Virologie, Robert von Ostertag-Haus, Zentrum für Infektionsmedizin, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Glycoprotein D
A, B
332Equid alphaherpesvirus 1Mutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q04245 (Equid alphaherpesvirus 1)
Explore Q04245 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q04245
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ04245
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence


Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChains Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
C, D
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G42666HT
GlyCosmos:  G42666HT
GlyGen:  G42666HT
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 71.86α = 90
b = 94.464β = 90
c = 101.296γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data

Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
German Research FoundationGermany--

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2020-09-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2023-06-14
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2024-02-07
    Changes: Data collection, Refinement description