6NEE

Crystal structure of a reconstructed ancestor of Triosephosphate isomerase from eukaryotes


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.202 
  • R-Value Work: 0.163 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.165 

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This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural, thermodynamic and catalytic characterization of an ancestral triosephosphate isomerase reveal early evolutionary coupling between monomer association and function.

Schulte-Sasse, M.Pardo-Avila, F.Pulido-Mayoral, N.O.Vazquez-Lobo, A.Costas, M.Garcia-Hernandez, E.Rodriguez-Romero, A.Fernandez-Velasco, D.A.

(2019) FEBS J 286: 882-900

  • DOI: 10.1111/febs.14741
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6NEE

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Function, structure, and stability are strongly coupled in obligated oligomers, such as triosephosphate isomerase (TIM). However, little is known about how this coupling evolved. To address this question, five ancestral TIMs (ancTIMs) in the opisthokont lineage were inferred ...

    Function, structure, and stability are strongly coupled in obligated oligomers, such as triosephosphate isomerase (TIM). However, little is known about how this coupling evolved. To address this question, five ancestral TIMs (ancTIMs) in the opisthokont lineage were inferred. The encoded proteins were purified and characterized, and spectroscopic and hydrodynamic analysis indicated that all are folded dimers. The catalytic efficiency of ancTIMs is very high and all dissociate into inactive and partially unfolded monomers. The placement of catalytic residues in the three-dimensional structure, as well as the enthalpy-driven binding signature of the oldest ancestor (TIM63) resemble extant TIMs. Although TIM63 dimers dissociate more readily than do extant TIMs, calorimetric data show that the free ancestral subunits are folded to a greater extent than their extant counterparts are, suggesting that full catalytic proficiency was established in the dimer before the stability of the isolated monomer eroded. Notably, the low association energy in ancTIMs is compensated for by a high activation barrier, and by a significant shift in the dimer-monomer equilibrium induced by ligand binding. Our results indicate that before the animal and fungi lineages diverged, TIM was an obligated oligomer with substrate binding properties and catalytic efficiency that resemble that of extant TIMs. Therefore, TIM function and association have been strongly coupled at least for the last third of biological evolution on earth. DATABASES: PDB Entry: 6NEE. ENZYMES: Triosephosphate isomerase 5.3.1.1, Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1.1.1.8.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratorio de Fisicoquímica e Ingeniería de Proteínas, Departamento de Bioquímica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
TRIOSEPHOSPHATE ISOMERASEA, B252synthetic constructMutation(s): 0 
EC: 5.3.1.1
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PGH
Query on PGH

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A],
D [auth B]
PHOSPHOGLYCOLOHYDROXAMIC ACID
C2 H6 N O6 P
BAXHHWZKQZIJID-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.202 
  • R-Value Work: 0.163 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.165 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 43.02α = 91.28
b = 48.772β = 100.14
c = 71.205γ = 118.65
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2019-01-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-03-13
    Changes: Data collection, Database references