6J95

Crystal structure of CYP97A3 in complex with retinal


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.197 
  • R-Value Work: 0.165 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.167 

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis for plant lutein biosynthesis from alpha-carotene.

Niu, G.Guo, Q.Wang, J.Zhao, S.He, Y.Liu, L.

(2020) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 117: 14150-14157

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2001806117
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6J94, 6J95, 6L8H, 6L8I, 6L8J

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Two cytochrome P450 enzymes, CYP97A3 and CYP97C1, catalyze hydroxylations of the β- and ε-rings of α-carotene to produce lutein. Chirality is introduced at the C-3 atom of both rings, and the reactions are both pro-3 R -stereospecific. We determined the crystal structures of CYP97A3 in substrate-free and complex forms with a nonnatural substrate and the structure of CYP97C1 in a detergent-bound form ...

    Two cytochrome P450 enzymes, CYP97A3 and CYP97C1, catalyze hydroxylations of the β- and ε-rings of α-carotene to produce lutein. Chirality is introduced at the C-3 atom of both rings, and the reactions are both pro-3 R -stereospecific. We determined the crystal structures of CYP97A3 in substrate-free and complex forms with a nonnatural substrate and the structure of CYP97C1 in a detergent-bound form. The structures of CYP97A3 in different states show the substrate channel and the structure of CYP97C1 bound with octylthioglucoside confirms the binding site for the carotenoid substrate. Biochemical assays confirm that the ferredoxin-NADP + reductase (FNR)-ferredoxin pair is used as the redox partner. Details of the pro-3 R stereospecificity are revealed in the retinal-bound CYP97A3 structure. Further analysis indicates that the CYP97B clan bears similarity to the β-ring-specific CYP97A clan. Overall, our research describes the molecular basis for the last steps of lutein biosynthesis.


    Organizational Affiliation

    School of Life Sciences, Anhui University, Hefei, Anhui 230601, China yhe@cnu.edu.cn liulin@ahu.edu.cn.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Protein LUTEIN DEFICIENT 5, chloroplasticA519Arabidopsis thalianaMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CYP97A3LUT5At1g31800F5M6.19
EC: 1.14
Membrane Entity: Yes 
UniProt
Find proteins for Q93VK5 (Arabidopsis thaliana)
Explore Q93VK5 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q93VK5
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HEM (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on HEM

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
RET (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on RET

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]RETINAL
C20 H28 O
NCYCYZXNIZJOKI-OVSJKPMPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.197 
  • R-Value Work: 0.165 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.167 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 58.481α = 90
b = 82.097β = 90
c = 110.339γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data reduction
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2020-01-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2020-06-10
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2020-06-24
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2020-07-08
    Changes: Database references