6CCG

Crystal structure MBD3 MBD domain in complex with methylated CpG DNA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.250 
  • R-Value Work: 0.223 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.225 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural analyses reveal that MBD3 is a methylated CG binder.

Liu, K.Lei, M.Wu, Z.Gan, B.Cheng, H.Li, Y.Min, J.

(2019) FEBS J 286: 3240-3254

  • DOI: 10.1111/febs.14850
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The MBD3, a methyl-CpG-binding domain (MBD)-containing protein, is a core subunit of the Mi-2/NuRD complex. Recent reports show that MBD3 recognizes both methylated CG (mCG)- and hydroxymethylated CG (hmCG)-containing DNA, with a preference for hmCG. ...

    The MBD3, a methyl-CpG-binding domain (MBD)-containing protein, is a core subunit of the Mi-2/NuRD complex. Recent reports show that MBD3 recognizes both methylated CG (mCG)- and hydroxymethylated CG (hmCG)-containing DNA, with a preference for hmCG. However, whether the MBD3-MBD indeed has methyl-CG-binding ability is controversial. In this study, we provided the structural basis to support the ability of MBD3-MBD to bind mCG-containing DNA. We found that the MBD3-MBD bound to mCG-containing DNA through two conserved arginine fingers, and preferentially bound to mCG over hmCG, similar to other methyl-CpG-binding MBD proteins. Compared to its closest homolog MBD2, the tyrosine-to-phenylalanine substitution at Phe34 of MBD3 is responsible for a weaker mCG DNA binding ability. Based on the complex structure of MBD3-MBD with a nonpalindromic AmCGC DNA, we suggest that all the mCG-binding MBD domains can recognize mCG-containing DNA without orientation selectivity, consistent with our observations that the sequences outside the mCG dinucleotide do not affect mCG DNA binding significantly. DNA cytosine methylation is evolutionarily conserved in most metazoans, and most invertebrates have only one MBD gene, MBD2/3. We also looked into the mCG DNA binding ability of some invertebrates MBD2/3 and found that the conserved arginine fingers and a conserved structural fold are required for methylated DNA binding by MBD2/3-MBDs in invertebrates. Hence, our results demonstrate that mCG-binding arginine fingers embedded into a conserved structural fold are essential structural features for MBD2/3s binding to methylated DNA among metazoans.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Physiology, University of Toronto, Canada.



Macromolecules

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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Methyl-CpG-binding domain protein 3A, B73Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: MBD3
Find proteins for O95983 (Homo sapiens)
Explore O95983 
Go to UniProtKB:  O95983
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  O95983
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar nucleic acids by: Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNAC, D, E, F12synthetic construct
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
UNX
Query on UNX

Download CCD File 
A, B, D, F
UNKNOWN ATOM OR ION
X
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 72.27α = 90
b = 36.46β = 92.42
c = 130.84γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
Aimlessdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
XDSdata reduction
REFMACphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-05-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-05-22
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-09-04
    Changes: Data collection, Database references