6BFP

Bovine trypsin bound to potent inhibitor


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.29 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.141 
  • R-Value Work: 0.129 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.130 

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structures of full-length plasma kallikrein bound to highly specific inhibitors describe a new mode of targeted inhibition.

Partridge, J.R.Choy, R.M.Silva-Garcia, A.Yu, C.Li, Z.Sham, H.Metcalf, B.

(2019) J Struct Biol 206: 170-182

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jsb.2019.03.001
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6BFP, 6O1G, 6O1S

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Plasma kallikrein (pKal) is a serine protease responsible for cleaving high-molecular-weight kininogen to produce the pro-inflammatory peptide, bradykinin. Unregulated pKal activity can lead to hereditary angioedema (HAE) following excess bradykinin release ...

    Plasma kallikrein (pKal) is a serine protease responsible for cleaving high-molecular-weight kininogen to produce the pro-inflammatory peptide, bradykinin. Unregulated pKal activity can lead to hereditary angioedema (HAE) following excess bradykinin release. HAE attacks can lead to a compromised airway that can be life threatening. As there are limited agents for prophylaxis of HAE attacks, there is a high unmet need for a therapeutic agent for regulating pKal with a high degree of specificity. Here we present crystal structures of both full-length and the protease domain of pKal, bound to two very distinct classes of small-molecule inhibitors: compound 1, and BCX4161. Both inhibitors demonstrate low nM inhibitory potency for pKal and varying specificity for related serine proteases. Compound 1 utilizes a surprising mode of interaction and upon binding results in a rearrangement of the binding pocket. Co-crystal structures of pKal describes why this class of small-molecule inhibitor is potent. Lack of conservation in surrounding residues explains the ∼10,000-fold specificity over structurally similar proteases, as shown by in vitro protease inhibition data. Structural information, combined with biochemical and enzymatic analyses, provides a novel scaffold for the design of targeted oral small molecule inhibitors of pKal for treatment of HAE and other diseases resulting from unregulated plasma kallikrein activity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Global Blood Therapeutics, South San Francisco, CA 94080, United States.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Cationic trypsinA223Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.4.21.4
UniProt
Find proteins for P00760 (Bos taurus)
Explore P00760 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00760
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
DJY (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on DJY

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]3-{2-[(4-carbamimidoylphenyl)carbamoyl]-4-ethenyl-5-methoxyphenyl}-6-[(cyclopropylmethyl)carbamoyl]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid
C28 H27 N5 O5
TUWMKPVJGGWGNL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.29 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.141 
  • R-Value Work: 0.129 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.130 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 54.51α = 90
b = 58.33β = 90
c = 66.58γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2018-10-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-03-27
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-05-15
    Changes: Data collection, Database references