6ABN

Crystal Structure of HEWL at pH 8.6


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.17 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.196 
  • R-Value Work: 0.165 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.167 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The aroma of TEMED as an activation and stabilizing signal for the antibacterial enzyme HEWL.

Seraj, Z.Ahmadian, S.Groves, M.R.Seyedarabi, A.

(2020) PLoS One 15: e0232953-e0232953

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0232953
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6ABN, 6AD5, 6ADF, 6AEA

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The unpleasant smell released from dead bodies, may serve as an alarm for avoiding certain behaviour or as feeding or oviposition attractants for animals. However, little is known about their effect on the structure and function of proteins. Previously, we reported that using the aroma form of TEMED (a diamine), representative of the "smell of death", could completely inhibit the fibril formation of HEWL, as an antibacterial enzyme, and a model protein for fibrillation studies ...

    The unpleasant smell released from dead bodies, may serve as an alarm for avoiding certain behaviour or as feeding or oviposition attractants for animals. However, little is known about their effect on the structure and function of proteins. Previously, we reported that using the aroma form of TEMED (a diamine), representative of the "smell of death", could completely inhibit the fibril formation of HEWL, as an antibacterial enzyme, and a model protein for fibrillation studies. To take this further, in this study we investigated the kinetics of TEMED using a number of techniques and in particular X-ray crystallography to identify the binding site(s) of TEMED and search for hotspot(s) necessary to inhibit fibril formation of HEWL. Structural data, coupled with other experimental data reported in this study, revealed that TEMED completely inhibited fibril formation and stabilized the structure of HEWL through enhancement of the CH-Π interaction and binding to an inhibitor hotspot comprised of residues Lys33, Phe34, Glu35 and Asn37 of HEWL. Additionally, results from this study showed that the binding of TEMED increased the activity and thermal stability of HEWL, helping to improve the function of this antibacterial enzyme. In conclusion, the role of the "smell of death", as an important signal molecule affecting the activity and stability of HEWL was greatly highlighted, suggesting that aroma producing small molecules can be signals for structural and functional changes in proteins.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Lysozyme CA129Gallus gallusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: LYZ
EC: 3.2.1.17
UniProt
Find proteins for P00698 (Gallus gallus)
Explore P00698 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00698
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
EDO
Query on EDO

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A]1,2-ETHANEDIOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
G [auth A]ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A], C [auth A], D [auth A]CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
F [auth A]SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.17 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.196 
  • R-Value Work: 0.165 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.167 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 78.17α = 90
b = 78.17β = 90
c = 36.97γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
iMOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2019-07-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2020-06-03
    Changes: Database references