Covalent complex of SARS-CoV-2 main protease with N-[(2S)-1-({(2S,3S)-3,4-dihydroxy-1-[(3S)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl]butan-2-yl}amino)-4-methyl-1-oxopentan-2-yl]-4-methoxy-1H-indole-2-carboxamide

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 1.41 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.210 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.192 

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This is version 2.1 of the entry. See complete history


Discovery of Ketone-Based Covalent Inhibitors of Coronavirus 3CL Proteases for the Potential Therapeutic Treatment of COVID-19.

Hoffman, R.L.Kania, R.S.Brothers, M.A.Davies, J.F.Ferre, R.A.Gajiwala, K.S.He, M.Hogan, R.J.Kozminski, K.Li, L.Y.Lockner, J.W.Lou, J.Marra, M.T.Mitchell Jr., L.J.Murray, B.W.Nieman, J.A.Noell, S.Planken, S.P.Rowe, T.Ryan, K.Smith 3rd, G.J.Solowiej, J.E.Steppan, C.M.Taggart, B.

(2020) J Med Chem 63: 12725-12747

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.0c01063
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6XHL, 6XHM, 6XHN, 6XHO

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    The novel coronavirus disease COVID-19 that emerged in 2019 is caused by the virus SARS CoV-2 and named for its close genetic similarity to SARS CoV-1 that caused severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2002. Both SARS coronavirus genomes encode two overlapping large polyproteins, which are cleaved at specific sites by a 3C-like cysteine protease (3CL pro ) in a post-translational processing step that is critical for coronavirus replication. The 3CL pro sequences for CoV-1 and CoV-2 viruses are 100% identical in the catalytic domain that carries out protein cleavage. A research effort that focused on the discovery of reversible and irreversible ketone-based inhibitors of SARS CoV-1 3CL pro employing ligand-protease structures solved by X-ray crystallography led to the identification of 3 and 4 . Preclinical experiments reveal 4 ( PF-00835231 ) as a potent inhibitor of CoV-2 3CL pro with suitable pharmaceutical properties to warrant further development as an intravenous treatment for COVID-19.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Southern Research Institute, 2000 9th Avenue South, Birmingham, Alabama 35205 United States.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
3C-like proteinase
A, B
306Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rep1a-1b
Find proteins for P0DTD1 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2)
Explore P0DTD1 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DTD1
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP0DTD1
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChains Name / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
V2M (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on V2M

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A],
E [auth B]
C24 H34 N4 O6
Query on EDO

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]1,2-ETHANEDIOL
C2 H6 O2
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 1.41 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.210 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.192 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 55.15α = 90
b = 98.51β = 107.45
c = 59.11γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
autoPROCdata scaling
autoPROCdata reduction

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 

Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2020-07-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2020-11-04
    Changes: Database references, Refinement description
  • Version 1.2: 2020-11-25
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 2.0: 2022-08-03
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary
  • Version 2.1: 2023-10-18
    Changes: Data collection, Refinement description