6XBK

Structure of human SMO-G111C/I496C complex with Gi


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 3.24 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Sterols in an intramolecular channel of Smoothened mediate Hedgehog signaling.

Qi, X.Friedberg, L.De Bose-Boyd, R.Long, T.Li, X.

(2020) Nat Chem Biol 16: 1368-1375

  • DOI: 10.1038/s41589-020-0646-2
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6XBK, 6XBJ, 6XBM, 6XBL

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Smoothened (SMO), a class Frizzled G protein-coupled receptor (class F GPCR), transduces the Hedgehog signal across the cell membrane. Sterols can bind to its extracellular cysteine-rich domain (CRD) and to several sites in the seven transmembrane helices (7-TMs) of SMO ...

    Smoothened (SMO), a class Frizzled G protein-coupled receptor (class F GPCR), transduces the Hedgehog signal across the cell membrane. Sterols can bind to its extracellular cysteine-rich domain (CRD) and to several sites in the seven transmembrane helices (7-TMs) of SMO. However, the mechanism by which sterols regulate SMO via multiple sites is unknown. Here we determined the structures of SMO-G i complexes bound to the synthetic SMO agonist (SAG) and to 24(S),25-epoxycholesterol (24(S),25-EC). A novel sterol-binding site in the extracellular extension of TM6 was revealed to connect other sites in 7-TMs and CRD, forming an intramolecular sterol channel from the middle side of 7-TMs to CRD. Additional structures of two gain-of-function variants, SMO D384R and SMO G111C/I496C , showed that blocking the channel at its midpoints allows sterols to occupy the binding sites in 7-TMs, thereby activating SMO. These data indicate that sterol transport through the core of SMO is a major regulator of SMO-mediated signaling.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biophysics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. xiaochun.li@utsouthwestern.edu.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Smoothened homologA [auth R]652Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: SMOSMOH
Membrane Entity: Yes 
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Find proteins for Q99835 (Homo sapiens)
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PHAROS:  Q99835
Protein Feature View
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(i) subunit alpha-1B [auth A]354Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GNAI1
Membrane Entity: Yes 
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Find proteins for P63096 (Homo sapiens)
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PHAROS:  P63096
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(I)/G(S)/G(T) subunit beta-1C [auth B]344Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GNB1
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Find proteins for P62873 (Homo sapiens)
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PHAROS:  P62873
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Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(I)/G(S)/G(O) subunit gamma-2D [auth G]71Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GNG2
Membrane Entity: Yes 
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Find proteins for P59768 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P59768 
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PHAROS:  P59768
Protein Feature View
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Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
scFv16E [auth S]259Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CLR (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on CLR

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
F [auth R]CHOLESTEROL
C27 H46 O
HVYWMOMLDIMFJA-DPAQBDIFSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 3.24 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2020-06-06 
  • Released Date: 2020-09-30 
  • Deposition Author(s): Qi, X., Long, T., Li, X.

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2020-09-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2020-11-25
    Changes: Database references