6WOJ

Structure of the SARS-CoV-2 macrodomain (NSP3) in complex with ADP-ribose


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.252 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.202 

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 2.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The SARS-CoV-2 Conserved Macrodomain Is a Mono-ADP-Ribosylhydrolase.

Alhammad, Y.M.O.Kashipathy, M.M.Roy, A.Gagne, J.P.McDonald, P.Gao, P.Nonfoux, L.Battaile, K.P.Johnson, D.K.Holmstrom, E.D.Poirier, G.G.Lovell, S.Fehr, A.R.

(2021) J Virol 95

  • DOI: 10.1128/JVI.01969-20
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6WOJ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and other SARS-related CoVs encode 3 tandem macrodomains within non-structural protein 3 (nsp3). The first macrodomain, Mac1, is conserved throughout CoVs, and binds to and hydrolyzes mono-ADP-ribose (MAR) from target proteins ...

    Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and other SARS-related CoVs encode 3 tandem macrodomains within non-structural protein 3 (nsp3). The first macrodomain, Mac1, is conserved throughout CoVs, and binds to and hydrolyzes mono-ADP-ribose (MAR) from target proteins. Mac1 likely counters host-mediated anti-viral ADP-ribosylation, a posttranslational modification that is part of the host response to viral infections. Mac1 is essential for pathogenesis in multiple animal models of CoV infection, implicating it as a virulence factor and potential therapeutic target. Here we report the crystal structure of SARS-CoV-2 Mac1 in complex with ADP-ribose. SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV Mac1 exhibit similar structural folds and all 3 proteins bound to ADP-ribose with low μM affinities. Importantly, using ADP-ribose detecting binding reagents in both a gel-based assay and novel ELISA assays, we demonstrated de-MARylating activity for all 3 CoV Mac1 proteins, with the SARS-CoV-2 Mac1 protein leading to a more rapid loss of substrate compared to the others. In addition, none of these enzymes could hydrolyze poly-ADP-ribose. We conclude that the SARS-CoV-2 and other CoV Mac1 proteins are MAR-hydrolases with similar functions, indicating that compounds targeting CoV Mac1 proteins may have broad anti-CoV activity. IMPORTANCE SARS-CoV-2 has recently emerged into the human population and has led to a worldwide pandemic of COVID-19 that has caused greater than 1.2 million deaths worldwide. With, no currently approved treatments, novel therapeutic strategies are desperately needed. All coronaviruses encode for a highly conserved macrodomain (Mac1) that binds to and removes ADP-ribose adducts from proteins in a dynamic post-translational process increasingly recognized as an important factor that regulates viral infection. The macrodomain is essential for CoV pathogenesis and may be a novel therapeutic target. Thus, understanding its biochemistry and enzyme activity are critical first steps for these efforts. Here we report the crystal structure of SARS-CoV-2 Mac1 in complex with ADP-ribose, and describe its ADP-ribose binding and hydrolysis activities in direct comparison to SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV Mac1 proteins. These results are an important first step for the design and testing of potential therapies targeting this unique protein domain.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, USA arfehr@ku.edu.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Non-structural protein 3A, B, C, D176Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rep1a-1b
EC: 3.4.22 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.19.12 (UniProt), 3.4.22.69 (UniProt), 2.7.7.48 (UniProt), 3.6.4.12 (UniProt), 3.6.4.13 (UniProt), 3.1.13 (UniProt), 4.6.1 (UniProt), 2.1.1.57 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for P0DTD1 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2)
Explore P0DTD1 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DTD1
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP0DTD1
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
APR
Query on APR

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A],
F [auth B],
G [auth C],
H [auth D]
ADENOSINE-5-DIPHOSPHORIBOSE
C15 H23 N5 O14 P2
SRNWOUGRCWSEMX-KEOHHSTQSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Binding Affinity Annotations 
IDSourceBinding Affinity
APR Binding MOAD:  6WOJ Kd: 1.68e+4 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.252 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.202 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 59.715α = 90
b = 83.165β = 94.37
c = 84.237γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
Aimlessdata scaling
PHASERphasing
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH/NIGMS)United StatesP20GM113117

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2020-05-06
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 2.0: 2020-05-13
    Type: Coordinate replacement
    Reason: Polymer geometry
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Refinement description, Structure summary
  • Version 2.1: 2020-06-10
    Changes: Structure summary
  • Version 2.2: 2020-11-18
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 2.3: 2021-01-27
    Changes: Database references, Structure summary