6W0L

Henipavirus W protein interacts with 14-3-3 to modulate host gene expression


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.265 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.213 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Henipavirus W Proteins Interact with 14-3-3 To Modulate Host Gene Expression.

Edwards, M.R.Hoad, M.Tsimbalyuk, S.Menicucci, A.R.Messaoudi, I.Forwood, J.K.Basler, C.F.

(2020) J Virol 94

  • DOI: 10.1128/JVI.00373-20
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6W0L

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Nipah virus (NiV) and Hendra virus (HeV), members of the Henipavirus genus in the Paramyxoviridae family, are recently emerged, highly lethal zoonotic pathogens. The NiV and HeV nonsegmented, negative-sense RNA genomes encode nine proteins, including the W protein ...

    Nipah virus (NiV) and Hendra virus (HeV), members of the Henipavirus genus in the Paramyxoviridae family, are recently emerged, highly lethal zoonotic pathogens. The NiV and HeV nonsegmented, negative-sense RNA genomes encode nine proteins, including the W protein. Expressed from the P gene through mRNA editing, W shares a common N-terminus with P and V but has a unique C-terminus. Expressed alone, W modulates innate immune responses by several mechanisms, and elimination of W from NiV alters the course of infection in experimentally infected ferrets. However, the specific host interactions that allow W to modulate innate immunity are incompletely understood. This study demonstrates that the NiV and HeV W proteins interact with all seven isoforms of the 14-3-3 family, regulatory molecules that preferentially bind phosphorylated target proteins to regulate a wide range of cellular functions. The interaction is dependent on the penultimate amino acid residue in the W sequence, a conserved, phosphorylated serine. The cocrystal structure of the W C-terminal binding motif with 14-3-3 provides only the second structure of a complex containing a mode III interactor, which is defined as a 14-3-3 interaction with a phosphoserine/phosphothreonine at the C-termini of the target protein. Transcriptomic analysis of inducible cell lines infected with an RNA virus and expressing either wild-type W or W lacking 14-3-3 binding, identifies new functions for W. These include the regulation of cellular metabolic processes, extracellular matrix organization, and apoptosis. IMPORTANCE Nipah virus (NiV) and Hendra virus (HeV), members of the Henipavirus genus, are recently emerged, highly lethal zoonotic pathogens that cause yearly outbreaks. NiV and HeV each encode a W protein that has roles in regulating host signaling pathways, including antagonism of the innate immune response. However, the mechanisms used by W to regulate these host responses are not clear. Here, characterization of the interaction of NiV and HeV W with 14-3-3 identifies modulation of 14-3-3-regulated host signaling pathways not previously associated with W, suggesting new avenues of research. The cocrystal structure of the NiV W:14-3-3 complex, as only the second structure of a 14-3-3 mode III interactor, provides further insight into this less-well-understood 14-3-3 binding motif.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Center for Microbial Pathogenesis, Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA jforwood@csu.edu.au cbasler@gsu.edu.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
14-3-3 protein sigmaA236Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: SFNHME1
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P31947 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P31947 
Go to UniProtKB:  P31947
PHAROS:  P31947
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Phosphorylated W peptideB [auth P]10Pteropus alectoMutation(s): 0 
UniProt
Find proteins for P0C1C7 (Nipah virus)
Explore P0C1C7 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0C1C7
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CA
Query on CA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
SEP
Query on SEP
B [auth P]L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H8 N O6 PSER
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.265 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.213 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 83.04α = 90
b = 112β = 90
c = 62.5γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
Aimlessdata scaling
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2020-04-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2020-05-06
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2020-07-15
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2021-05-05
    Changes: Author supporting evidence, Derived calculations