Structure-Based Design of Highly Potent HIV-1 Protease Inhibitors Containing New Tricyclic Ring P2-Ligands: Design, Synthesis, Biological, and X-ray Structural Studies.Ghosh, A.K., Kovela, S., Osswald, H.L., Amano, M., Aoki, M., Agniswamy, J., Wang, Y.F., Weber, I.T., Mitsuya, H.
(2020) J Med Chem 63: 4867-4879
- PubMed: 32348139
- DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.0c00202
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
We describe here design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of a series of highly potent HIV-1 protease inhibitors containing stereochemically defined and unprecedented tricyclic furanofuran derivatives as P2 ligands in combination with a variety o ...
We describe here design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of a series of highly potent HIV-1 protease inhibitors containing stereochemically defined and unprecedented tricyclic furanofuran derivatives as P2 ligands in combination with a variety of sulfonamide derivatives as P2' ligands. These inhibitors were designed to enhance the ligand-backbone binding and van der Waals interactions in the protease active site. A number of inhibitors containing the new P2 ligand, an aminobenzothiazole as the P2' ligand and a difluorophenylmethyl as the P1 ligand, displayed very potent enzyme inhibitory potency and also showed excellent antiviral activity against a panel of highly multidrug-resistant HIV-1 variants. The tricyclic P2 ligand has been synthesized efficiently in an optically active form using enzymatic desymmetrization of meso-1,2-(dihydroxymethyl)cyclohex-4-ene as the key step. We determined high-resolution X-ray structures of inhibitor-bound HIV-1 protease. These structures revealed extensive interactions with the backbone atoms of HIV-1 protease and provided molecular insights into the binding properties of these new inhibitors.
Department of Clinical Sciences, Kumamoto University Hospital, Kumamoto 860-8556, Japan.