6V2K

The nucleosome structure after H2A-H2B exchange


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.199 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Histone variant H2A.B-H2B dimers are spontaneously exchanged with canonical H2A-H2B in the nucleosome.

Hirano, R.Arimura, Y.Kujirai, T.Shibata, M.Okuda, A.Morishima, K.Inoue, R.Sugiyama, M.Kurumizaka, H.

(2021) Commun Biol 4: 191-191

  • DOI: 10.1038/s42003-021-01707-z
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6V2K

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • H2A.B is an evolutionarily distant histone H2A variant that accumulates on DNA repair sites, DNA replication sites, and actively transcribing regions in genomes. In cells, H2A.B exchanges rapidly in chromatin, but the mechanism has remained enigmatic. In the present study, we found that the H2A ...

    H2A.B is an evolutionarily distant histone H2A variant that accumulates on DNA repair sites, DNA replication sites, and actively transcribing regions in genomes. In cells, H2A.B exchanges rapidly in chromatin, but the mechanism has remained enigmatic. In the present study, we found that the H2A.B-H2B dimer incorporated within the nucleosome exchanges with the canonical H2A-H2B dimer without assistance from additional factors, such as histone chaperones and nucleosome remodelers. High-speed atomic force microscopy revealed that the H2A.B nucleosome, but not the canonical H2A nucleosome, transiently forms an intermediate "open conformation", in which two H2A.B-H2B dimers may be detached from the H3-H4 tetramer and bind to the DNA regions near the entry/exit sites. Mutational analyses revealed that the H2A.B C-terminal region is responsible for the adoption of the open conformation and the H2A.B-H2B exchange in the nucleosome. These findings provide mechanistic insights into the histone exchange of the H2A.B nucleosome.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan. kurumizaka@iqb.u-tokyo.ac.jp.



Macromolecules

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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H3.1A, E139Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: 
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Find proteins for P68431 (Homo sapiens)
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PHAROS:  P68431
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UniProt GroupP68431
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H4B, F106Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: 
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Find proteins for P62805 (Homo sapiens)
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UniProt GroupP62805
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H2AC, G133Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HIST1H2ABHIST1H2AEhCG_1640984hCG_1787383H2AC4H2AFMH2AC8H2AFA
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Find proteins for P04908 (Homo sapiens)
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PHAROS:  P04908
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Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H2B type 1-JD, H129Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HIST1H2BJH2BFRH2BC11
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Find proteins for P06899 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P06899 
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PHAROS:  P06899
GTEx:  ENSG00000124635 
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Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNA (146-MER)I, J 146Homo sapiens
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.199 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 98.561α = 90
b = 107.711β = 90
c = 168.158γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)JapanJP18H05534
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)JapanJP17H01408
Japan Science and TechnologyJapanJPMJCR16G1
Japan Science and TechnologyJapanJPMJER1901
Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED)JapanJP19am0101076

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2020-11-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2021-02-24
    Changes: Database references