Active Site Architecture and Reaction Mechanism Determination of Cold Adapted beta-d-galactosidase fromArthrobactersp. 32cB.Rutkiewicz, M., Bujacz, A., Wanarska, M., Wierzbicka-Wos, A., Cieslinski, H.
(2019) Int J Mol Sci 20
- PubMed: 31484304
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20174301
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
6SE8, 6SE9, 6SEA, 6SEB, 6SEC, 6SED
- PubMed Abstract:
- Structural features of cold-adapted dimeric GH2 beta-D-galactosidase from Arthrobacter sp. 32cB.
Rutkiewicz, M., Bujacz, A., Bujacz, G.
(2019) Biochim Biophys Acta Proteins Proteom 1867: 776
Arth βDG is a dimeric, cold-adapted β-d-galactosidase that exhibits high hydrolytic and transglycosylation activity. A series of crystal structures of its wild form, as well as its Arth βDG_E441Q mutein complexes with ligands were obtained in order to describe the mode of its action ...
Arth βDG is a dimeric, cold-adapted β-d-galactosidase that exhibits high hydrolytic and transglycosylation activity. A series of crystal structures of its wild form, as well as its Arth βDG_E441Q mutein complexes with ligands were obtained in order to describe the mode of its action. The Arth βDG_E441Q mutein is an inactive form of the enzyme designed to enable observation of enzyme interaction with its substrate. The resulting three-dimensional structures of complexes: Arth βDG_E441Q/LACs and Arth βDG/IPTG (ligand bound in shallow mode) and structures of complexes Arth βDG_E441Q/LACd, Arth βDG/ONPG (ligands bound in deep mode), and galactose Arth βDG/GAL and their analysis enabled structural characterization of the hydrolysis reaction mechanism. Furthermore, comparative analysis with mesophilic analogs revealed the most striking differences in catalysis mechanisms. The key role in substrate transfer from shallow to deep binding mode involves rotation of the F581 side chain. It is worth noting that the 10-aa loop restricting access to the active site in mesophilic GH2 βDGs, in Arth βDG is moved outward. This facilitates access of substrate to active site. Such a permanent exposure of the entrance to the active site may be a key factor for improved turnover rate of the cold adapted enzyme and thus a structural feature related to its cold adaptation.
Department of Molecular Biotechnology and Microbiology, Faculty of Chemistry, Gdansk University of Technology, Narutowicza 11/12, 80-233 Gdansk, Poland.