6RI7

Cryo-EM structure of E. coli RNA polymerase elongation complex bound to GreB transcription factor


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 3.9 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural Basis of Transcription: RNA Polymerase Backtracking and Its Reactivation.

Abdelkareem, M.Saint-Andre, C.Takacs, M.Papai, G.Crucifix, C.Guo, X.Ortiz, J.Weixlbaumer, A.

(2019) Mol.Cell 75: 298-309.e4

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2019.04.029
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Regulatory sequences or erroneous incorporations during DNA transcription cause RNA polymerase backtracking and inactivation in all kingdoms of life. Reactivation requires RNA transcript cleavage. Essential transcription factors (GreA and GreB, or TF ...

    Regulatory sequences or erroneous incorporations during DNA transcription cause RNA polymerase backtracking and inactivation in all kingdoms of life. Reactivation requires RNA transcript cleavage. Essential transcription factors (GreA and GreB, or TFIIS) accelerate this reaction. We report four cryo-EM reconstructions of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase representing the entire reaction pathway: (1) a backtracked complex; a backtracked complex with GreB (2) before and (3) after RNA cleavage; and (4) a reactivated, substrate-bound complex with GreB before RNA extension. Compared with eukaryotes, the backtracked RNA adopts a different conformation. RNA polymerase conformational changes cause distinct GreB states: a fully engaged GreB before cleavage; a disengaged GreB after cleavage; and a dislodged, loosely bound GreB removed from the active site to allow RNA extension. These reconstructions provide insight into the catalytic mechanism and dynamics of RNA cleavage and extension and suggest how GreB targets backtracked complexes without interfering with canonical transcription.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Integrated Structural Biology, Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Strasbourg, France; Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France; CNRS UMR7104, Strasbourg, France; INSERM U1258, 67404 Illkirch Cedex, France. Electronic address: albert.weixlbaumer@igbmc.fr.,Department of Integrated Structural Biology, Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Strasbourg, France; Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France; CNRS UMR7104, Strasbourg, France; INSERM U1258, 67404 Illkirch Cedex, France.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Transcription elongation factor GreB
F, G
158Escherichia coli (strain K12)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: greB
Find proteins for P30128 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Go to UniProtKB:  P30128
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit alpha
A, B
329Escherichia coli (strain K12)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoA (pez, phs, sez)
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for P0A7Z4 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Go to UniProtKB:  P0A7Z4
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit beta
C
1342Escherichia coli (strain K12)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoB (groN, nitB, rif, ron, stl, stv, tabD)
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for P0A8V2 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Go to UniProtKB:  P0A8V2
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit beta'
D
1407Escherichia coli (strain K12)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoC (tabB)
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for P0A8T7 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Go to UniProtKB:  P0A8T7
Entity ID: 7
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit omega
E
91Escherichia coli (strain K12)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoZ
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for P0A800 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Go to UniProtKB:  P0A800
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
Non-template DNAN39Escherichia coli
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
Template DNAT39Escherichia coli
Entity ID: 8
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
RNAR14Escherichia coli
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
D
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
D
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 3.9 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
European Research CouncilFrance679734

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2019-07-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-08-07
    Type: Author supporting evidence, Data collection, Database references