Structural Insight into Eukaryotic Sterol Transport through Niemann-Pick Type C Proteins.Winkler, M.B.L., Kidmose, R.T., Szomek, M., Thaysen, K., Rawson, S., Muench, S.P., Wustner, D., Pedersen, B.P.
(2019) Cell 179: 485-497.e18
- PubMed: 31543266
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2019.08.038
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
6R4L, 6R4M, 6R4N
- PubMed Abstract:
Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) proteins are essential for sterol homeostasis, believed to drive sterol integration into the lysosomal membrane before redistribution to other cellular membranes. Here, using a combination of crystallography, cryo-electron microscopy, and biochemical and in vivo studies on the Saccharomyces cerevisiae NPC system (NCR1 and NPC2), we present a framework for sterol membrane integration. Sterols are transferred between hydrophobic pockets of vacuolar NPC2 and membrane-protein NCR1. NCR1 has its N-terminal domain (NTD) positioned to deliver a sterol to a tunnel connecting NTD to the luminal membrane leaflet 50 Å away. A sterol is caught inside this tunnel during transport, and a proton-relay network of charged residues in the transmembrane region is linked to this tunnel supporting a proton-driven transport mechanism. We propose a model for sterol integration that clarifies the role of NPC proteins in this essential eukaryotic pathway and that rationalizes mutations in patients with Niemann-Pick disease type C.
Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, Gustav Wieds Vej 10, Aarhus C 8000, Denmark; Aarhus Institute of Advanced Studies, Aarhus University, Høegh-Guldbergs Gade 6B, Aarhus C 8000, Denmark. Electronic address: email@example.com.