6R4A

Aurora-A in complex with shape-diverse fragment 55


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.937 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Construction of a Shape-Diverse Fragment Set: Design, Synthesis and Screen against Aurora-A Kinase.

Zhang, R.McIntyre, P.J.Collins, P.M.Foley, D.J.Arter, C.von Delft, F.Bayliss, R.Warriner, S.Nelson, A.

(2019) Chemistry 25: 6831-6839

  • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201900815
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Historically, chemists have explored chemical space in a highly uneven and unsystematic manner. As an example, the shape diversity of existing fragment sets does not generally reflect that of all theoretically possible fragments. To assess experiment ...

    Historically, chemists have explored chemical space in a highly uneven and unsystematic manner. As an example, the shape diversity of existing fragment sets does not generally reflect that of all theoretically possible fragments. To assess experimentally the added value of increased three dimensionality, a shape-diverse fragment set was designed and collated. The set was assembled by both using commercially available fragments and harnessing unified synthetic approaches to sp 3 -rich molecular scaffolds. The resulting set of 80 fragments was highly three-dimensional, and its shape diversity was significantly enriched by twenty synthesised fragments. The fragment set was screened by high-throughput protein crystallography against Aurora-A kinase, revealing four hits that targeted the binding site of allosteric regulators. In the longer term, it is envisaged that the fragment set could be screened against a range of functionally diverse proteins, allowing the added value of more shape-diverse screening collections to be more fully assessed.


    Organizational Affiliation

    School of Biological Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biocomputing, Joint School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.,Molecular Partners AG, Wagistrasse 14, 8952, Schlieren, Switzerland. info@molecularpartners.com.,Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, The Medical School, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, England.,Medicinal Chemistry & Drug Discovery, Department of Pharmacology , University of Oxford , Mansfield Road , Oxford OX1 3QT , U.K.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center for Genetics and Development, Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China.,School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, and Australian Infectious Diseases Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072, QLD, Australia.,Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, CT, 06510, USA.,USR 2000, CNRS, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.,Cells-in-Motion Cluster of Excellence, University of Muenster, 48149, Muenster, Germany.,Department of Biosciences, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Oslo, 0316, Oslo, Norway. Magnus.Jakobsson@cpr.ku.dk.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade, 450 Vojvode Stepe, 11000, Belgrade, Serbia.,Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, 08826 Seoul, Republic of Korea; sangryu@snu.ac.kr hanc210@snu.ac.kr.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Experimental Therapeutics Centre, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A(∗)STAR), 31 Biopolis way, Nanos, #03-01, Singapore 138669, Singapore. Electronic address: cbkang@etc.a-star.edu.sg.,Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Kouto, Kamigori, Ako, Hyogo 678-1297, Japan. yshiro@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp sawai@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp.,Department of Pharmacy, Epigenetic Med Chem Lab, University of Salerno, Via Ponte Don Melillo, 84084, Fisciano, SA, Italy.,National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute", Moscow 123182, Russia. nikolaeva_ay@nrcki.ru.,Department of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Pavia, Via Ferrata 9, 27100, Pavia, Italy.,Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. andy.ellington@mail.utexas.edu.,Center for Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ, 08854-5627, USA.,Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.,the School of Chemistry, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom.,From the Department of Immunology, University of Oslo and Oslo University Hospital-Rikshospitalet, 0372 Oslo, Norway.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, 20 North Pine Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, United States.,Worldwide Influenza Centre, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,Roche Pharma Research and Early Development, Therapeutic Modalities, Roche Innovation Center Basel, F.Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Grenzacherstrasse 124, 4070, Basel, Switzerland.,Molecular and Structural Biology Division, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow, India. Electronic address: ashish_arora@cdri.res.in.,Laboratori de Química Farmacèutica (Unitat Associada al CSIC), Facultat de Farmàcia i Ciències de l'Alimentació, and Institute of Biomedicine (IBUB) , Universitat de Barcelona , Av. Joan XXIII s/n , Barcelona E-08028 , Spain.,the Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Institute for Life Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, United Kingdom, and.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, 27710, USA. seok-yong.lee@duke.edu.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, Stockholm SE-106 91, Sweden.,Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT, 06520, USA.,Institut Européen de Chimie et Biologie, University of Bordeaux, Pessac, France. r.fronzes@iecb.u-bordeaux.fr.,Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Innovative Genomics Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Department of Polar Sciences, University of Science and Technology, Incheon, Korea.,Department of Biochemistry and Center for Excellence in Protein and Enzyme Technology Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand. Electronic address: danaya.pak@mahidol.ac.th.,Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Miklukho-Maklaya Street 16/10, Moscow 117997, Russian Federation.,Committee on Higher Degrees in Biophysics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Program in Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Department of Cancer Biology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02215, USA. Electronic address: stephen_blacklow@hms.harvard.edu.,Program in Biophysics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.,Skryabin Moscow State Academy of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnology, Moscow 109472, Russia. grenom96@yandex.ru.,Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. lss8@columbia.edu.,Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, Illkirch, France.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Vanderbilt Vaccine Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, 27710, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. enogales@lbl.gov.,Laboratory of Biomolecular Research, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232, Villigen, Switzerland.,Structural Genomics Consortium , University of Oxford , Old Road Campus Research Building, Roosevelt Drive , Oxford OX3 7DQ , United Kingdom.,Dipartimento di Chimica Ugo Schiff, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Via della Lastruccia 3, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Firenze), Italy; Università degli Studi di Firenze, NEUROFARBA Dept., Sezione di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Via Ugo Schiff 6, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Florence), Italy.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Grenoble, France.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. robert.gustafsson@dbb.su.se.,the Institute of Infection and Immunity, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF14 4XN, Wales, United Kingdom.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia.,Bayer AG, division Crop Science, Alfred-Nobel-Strasse 50, 40789, Monheim am Rhein, Germany.,Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Hyogo, Himeji, 671-2280, Japan.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,CNRS UMR 5234 Microbiologie Fondamentale et Pathogénicité, Paris, France. r.fronzes@iecb.u-bordeaux.fr.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. enogales@lbl.gov.,S. Arthur Localio Laboratory, Department of Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, 435 East 30th Street, 4th Floor, New York, NY 10016, USA.,Institut de Pharmacologie et de Biologie Structurale, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, Université Paul Sabatier, 31077, Toulouse, France.,Institut du Thorax, Inserm UMR 1087/CNRS UMR 6291, LabEx "Ion Channels, Science and Therapeutics", Nantes, France.,Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Area, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02139; michael.romanowski@novartis.com john.trauger@novartis.com.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK. scheres@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Genome-based BioIT Convergence Institute, Asansi, Korea.,QB3 Institute , University of California-Berkeley , 356 Stanley Hall , Berkeley , California 94720-3220 , United States.,National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute", Moscow 123182, Russia. vpopov@inbi.ras.ru.,Michael DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada L8S 4K1; Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada L8S 4L8; Department of Medicine, Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada L8S 4K1.,Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), Barcelona, Spain.,Diamond Light Source Ltd., Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot, OX11 0DE, UK.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia. anthony.purcell@monash.edu nathan.croft@monash.edu.,Institute for Glycomics , Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus , Queensland 4222 , Australia.,Department of Biosystems and Bioengineering, KRIBB School of Biotechnology, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon, 34113, Republic of Korea. sglee@kribb.re.kr.,INSERM, UMR 1100, "Centre d'Etude des Pathologies Respiratoires", 37032 Tours, France; Université de Tours, 37032 Tours, France. Electronic address: brice.korkmaz@inserm.fr.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,Fisheries and Oceans Hakodate, Hakodate, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT, 06520, USA.,Laboratoire d'Ingénierie des Systèmes Macromoléculaires, Institut de Microbiologie de la Méditerranée, UMR7255, Aix-Marseille Université - CNRS, Marseille, France. eric.durand@inserm.fr.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan.,Laboratoire de Chimie des Processus Biologiques, Collège de France, 75005 Paris, France; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR8229, 75005 Paris, France.,Molecular Stethoscope , 10835 Road to the Cure #100 , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biocomputing, Joint School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China; School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun, China, No. 1266 Fujin Road, Chaoyang District, Changchun, Jilin 130021, China.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.,Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Jahnstrasse 29, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.,Department of Urology, Boston Children's Hospital, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology and Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Innovative Genomics Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology , University of California, San Francisco , San Francisco , California 94143 , United States.,Discovery Chemistry, Merck & Co., Inc., 2015 Galloping Hill Rd, Kenilworth, NJ 07033, United States.,Vanderbilt Mass Spectrometry Research Center and Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, New York, NY 10038, USA; Institut de Biologie Structurale, Université Grenoble Alpes, CEA, CNRS, 38044 Grenoble, France. Electronic address: poignard@scripps.edu.,The Sainsbury Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.,Laboratory of Biomolecular Research, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232, Villigen, Switzerland. kurt.ballmer-hofer@unibas.ch.,Molecular & Materials Modelling group Data61, CSIRO, Docklands, Melbourne, 8012, VIC, Australia.,Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, TU Dortmund University, Otto-Hahn-Strasse 4a, 44227, Dortmund, Germany.,the K. G. Jebsen Centre for Coeliac Disease Research, University of Oslo, 0424 Oslo, Norway.,Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, 82152 Martinsried, Germany; baumeist@biochem.mpg.de.,IGA Bio Research, Sakai, Osaka 590-0004, Japan.,Laboratory of Drug Design and Medicinal Chemistry, Showa Pharmaceutical University , 3-3165 Higashi-Tamagawagakuen, Machida, Tokyo 194-8543, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of British Columbia, 2350 Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z3, Canada.,Equipe Communication Intercellulaire et Infections Microbiennes, Centre de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Biologie (CIRB), Collège de France, 75005 Paris, France; INSERM U1050, 75005 Paris, France; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR7241, 75005 Paris, France; MEMOLIFE Laboratory of Excellence and Paris Science Lettres, 75005 Paris, France.,Department of Biochemistry & Biophysics, The University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.,Department of Biomolecular Resources, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Center for Structural Biology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. epuglisi@stanford.edu.,Chemistry and Chemical Biology Graduate Program , University of California, San Francisco , San Francisco , California 94143 , United States.,Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering and Biotechnology, Sunmoon University, Asansi, Korea.,Department of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Pavia, Via Ferrata 9, 27100, Pavia, Italy. Electronic address: andrea.mattevi@unipv.it.,Department of Chemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 279 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.,Division of Genetics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Committee on Higher Degrees in Biophysics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.,Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province 210009, China.,Equipe Communication Intercellulaire et Infections Microbiennes, Centre de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Biologie (CIRB), Collège de France, 75005 Paris, France; INSERM U1050, 75005 Paris, France; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR7241, 75005 Paris, France; MEMOLIFE Laboratory of Excellence and Paris Science Lettres, 75005 Paris, France. Electronic address: guy.tran-van-nhieu@college-de-france.fr.,CSIR- Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, 500007, India.,Brigham and Women's Hospital Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.,Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center for Genetics and Development, Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China; Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes du CNRS, Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.,Department of Systems and Computational Biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461.,Department of Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy; Gene Expression Laboratory, National Institute for Infectious Diseases "Lazzaro Spallanzani" I.R.C.C.S., Rome, Italy.,Department of Biology, Institute of Molecular Systems Biology,ETH Zurich, Zurich 8093, Switzerland.,Department of Pathology, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA.,Mass Spectrometry for Biology Unit, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.,Integrated Drug Discovery-Synthetic Molecular Design, Sanofi R&D, Frankfurt, Germany.,National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health, 9800 Medical Center Drive, Rockville, MD 20850, United States. Electronic address: yangs9@mail.nih.gov.,the Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Institute for Life Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, United Kingdom, and Ivo.Tews@soton.ac.uk.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 279 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA. kobilka@stanford.edu.,Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.,Université de Strasbourg, Illkirch, France.,Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, 201203, China. zhangyy@simm.ac.cn.,Institute of Infection and Immunity, Cardiff University School of Medicine,Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK.,RIKEN Harima Institute, SPring-8 Center, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, 679-5148, Japan. shibach@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, New York, NY 10038, USA.,Seed Compounds Exploratory Unit for Drug Discovery Platform, RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, Saitama, Japan.,Laboratory for Epigenetics Drug Discovery, RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research (BDR), 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan. takashi.umehara@riken.jp.,Structural Biology Science Technology Platform, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry , University of California, San Francisco , San Francisco , California 94143 , United States.,S. Arthur Localio Laboratory, Department of Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, 435 East 30th Street, 4th Floor, New York, NY 10016, USA; Department of Cell Biology, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA. Electronic address: george.miller@nyumc.org.,Dipartimento di Chimica Ugo Schiff, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Via della Lastruccia 3, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Firenze), Italy; Università degli Studi di Firenze, NEUROFARBA Dept., Sezione di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Via Ugo Schiff 6, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Florence), Italy. Electronic address: claudiu.supuran@unifi.it.,Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461; johanna.daily@einstein.yu.edu vern.schramm@einstein.yu.edu.,National University of Singapore (Suzhou) Research Institute, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.,Structural Genomics Consortium, and Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5G 2M9, Canada.,Cell Biology and Biophysics Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany.,Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 03-07, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; NTU Institute of Structural Biology, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 06-01, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore. Electronic address: luodahai@ntu.edu.sg.,Program in Biomolecular Pharmacology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. dtaylor@utexas.edu.,Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430074, China.,Department of Pharmacy, G. D'Annunzio University of Chieti/Pescara, Via Dei Vestini 31, 66100, Chieti, Italy.,College of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Shanghai Institute of Technology, Shanghai, 210032, China.,Molecular Biophysics Group, Institute of Integrative Biology, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZB, UK.,Synchrotron Light Research Institute (Public Organization), Nakhon Ratchasima 30000, Thailand.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China. myzheng@simm.ac.cn.,Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. bh6@cumc.columbia.edu.,Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research , 250 Massachusetts Avenue , Cambridge , Massachusetts 02139 , United States.,Pattern Recognition Receptor Discovery Performance Unit, Immuno-Inflammation Therapeutic Area, GlaxoSmithKline, 1250 South Collegeville Road, Collegeville, PA 19426, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Life Science, School of Advanced Engineering, Kogakuin University, 2665-1 Nakano, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0015, Japan. hashimoto@kanagawa-iri.jp.,Pattern Recognition Receptor Discovery Performance Unit, Immuno-Inflammation Therapeutic Area, GlaxoSmithKline, 1250 South Collegeville Road, Collegeville, PA 19426, USA. Electronic address: john.j.bertin@gsk.com.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biocomputing, Joint School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address: xu_yong@gibh.ac.cn.,Vaccine Research Center, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, Henry Wellcome Building, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 9HN, UK.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Johannesburg, Aukland Park, 2006, South Africa.,Department of Picobiology, Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, Kamigori-cho, Ako-gun, 678-1297, Japan. shibach@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp.,Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.,Department of Early Discovery Biochemistry, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita, 565-0871, Japan. mr0505@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp.,School of Pharmacy, University College London, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX, United Kingdom.,Key Laboratory of RNA Biology, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.,Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Philipps-University Marburg, Marbacher Weg 6, 35032, Marburg, Germany.,School of Life Sciences, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Tokyo, Japan.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. nzheng@uw.edu.,Department of Biological Sciences and Centre for Bioimaging Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore.,Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 77843, USA.,Christopher S. Bond Life Sciences Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.,Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Center, KRIBB, Daejeon, 34141, Republic of Korea.,Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, Japan.,Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Hyogo, Himeji, 671-2280, Japan. negoro@eng.u-hyogo.ac.jp.,Department of Pharmacology, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY 13210 United States. Electronic address: ghoshd@upstate.edu.,Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,Department of Chemistry, University of York, York YO10 5DD, England.,Christopher S. Bond Life Sciences Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA stefanos.sarafianos@emory.edu olson@scripps.edu.,CNRS UMR 5234 Microbiologie Fondamentale et Pathogénicité, Paris, France.,Proteomics Program, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Protein Research (NNF-CPR), University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3B, 2200, Copenhagen, Denmark. Jesper.Olsen@cpr.ku.dk.,Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia.,Monogram Biosciences Inc., San Francisco, CA, 94080, USA.,Laboratoire d'Ingénierie des Systèmes Macromoléculaires , Institut de Microbiologie de la Méditerranée, UMR7255, INSERM, Marseille, France. eric.durand@inserm.fr.,Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461; johanna.daily@einstein.yu.edu vern.schramm@einstein.yu.edu.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA. sylviegtsodikova@uky.edu.,Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. Electronic address: jiang@scripps.edu.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA. oleg.tsodikov@uky.edu.,Monash Centre for Data Science, Faculty of Information Technology, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria 3800, Australia.,Discovery Chemistry, Merck & Co., Inc., 2015 Galloping Hill Rd, Kenilworth, NJ 07033, United States. Electronic address: sobhana.babu.boga@merck.com.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Institute of Food Science, CNR, Via Roma, 64 Avellino, Italy.,Department of Early Discovery Biochemistry, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA. hannoush.rami@gene.com.,Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.,Center for Systems and Synthetic Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. dtaylor@utexas.edu.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Insititute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; The Joint Center for Structural Genomics, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center and the Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Molcentrics, Inc. , 11835 Carmel Mountain Road #1304-110 , San Diego , California 92128 , United States.,Department of Mathematics, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Zymeworks Inc, 540-1385 West 8th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, V6H 3V9, Canada.,Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, 3086, VIC, Australia. b.heras@latrobe.edu.au.,Department of Internal Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, 06510, USA.,Department of Structural Biology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Kouto, Kamigori, Ako, Hyogo 678-1297, Japan.,Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan.,Department of Chemistry, University of British Columbia, 2036 Main Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z1, Canada.,Max Planck Research Group for RNA Biology, Max Planck Institute for Molecular Biomedicine, 48149, Muenster, Germany.,Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, 201203, China. myzheng@simm.ac.cn.,University of Florida College of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Gainesville, FL, USA.,Departamento de Química, Instituto de Ciências Exatas Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, Brazil.,Abide Therapeutics , 10835 Road to the Cure, Suite 250 , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita, 565-0871, Japan.,Chemical Genomics Research Group, RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, Saitama, Japan.,Department of Biosciences, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Oslo, 0316, Oslo, Norway. Pal.Falnes@ibv.uio.no.,Structural Genomics Consortium, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7DQ, UK.,The Joint Center for Structural Genomics, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Department of Materials Science & Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.,Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati 781039, Assam, India. Electronic address: spkanaujia@iitg.ac.in.,Department of Chemistry, University of Duisburg-Essen, Universitätsstrasse 7, 45117, Essen, Germany.,High Throughput Analysis Laboratory and Department of Molecular Biosciences, Northwestern University, Chicago, 60208, IL, USA.,Fachbereich Chemie, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Hans-Meerwein-Strasse 4, 35043, Marburg, Germany.,School of Pharmacy, Jinan University, 601 Huangpu Avenue West, Guangzhou 510632, China.,Division of Biological Sciences, Poornaprajna Institute of Scientific Research, Bangalore, India.,Synsight, Évry, France.,Global Discovery Chemistry, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02139.,The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037.,Global Discovery Chemistry, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, 4002 Basel, Switzerland.,Department of Chemistry , University of Pennsylvania , 231 South 34th Street , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania 19104 , United States.,Institute of Immunology, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038, China. wei.liu.2005@gmail.com.,Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia. Jamie.rossjohn@monash.edu.,Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center and the Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Australian Centre for Neutron Scattering, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Lucas Heights, 2234, NSW, Australia.,INDS Inc. , 6111 Jackson Road, Suite 100 , Ann Arbor , Michigan 48103 , United States.,Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung 40201, Taiwan.,From the Ocean and Earth Sciences, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, University of Southampton, Southampton SO14 3ZH, United Kingdom.,Program in Biomolecular Pharmacology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA. drkallen@bu.edu.,Structural and Computational Biology Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany.,Faculty of Chemistry, Philipps-University Marburg, Hans-Meerwein-Straße 4, 35032, Marburg, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. geoffrey.masuyer@dbb.su.se.,Macromolecular X-ray Crystallography Core, Department of Neuroscience, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA.,Zuckerman Mind, Brain and Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Proteomics Program, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Protein Research (NNF-CPR), University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3B, 2200, Copenhagen, Denmark.,Institute for Bioscience and Biotechnology Research, University of Maryland, Rockville, MD 20850, USA.,Chemical Biology and Therapeutics, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02139.,Institute of Infection and Immunity, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 4XN, UK. Jamie.rossjohn@monash.edu.,Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences & Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, 136-701, South Korea. chahong@korea.ac.kr.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA; Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA; Mortimer B. Zuckerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address: bh6@columbia.edu.,Department of Biochemistry , McGill University , Montréal , Québec H3G 0B1 , Canada.,Department of Chemistry, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, QB3 Institute , University of California-Berkeley , 374B Stanley Hall , Berkeley , California 94720-3220 , United States.,Division of Structural Studies, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, United Kingdom.,Laboratoire d'Ingénierie des Systèmes Macromoléculaires, Institut de Microbiologie de la Méditerranée, UMR7255, Aix-Marseille Université - CNRS, Marseille, France.,Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.,Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Kansas City, KS, USA.,Centro de Biotecnologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Gonçalves, 9500, Porto Alegre, Brazil.,leadXpro AG, PARK INNOVAARE, 5234, Villigen, Switzerland.,Centre for Bacterial Cell Biology, Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH, United Kingdom.,Department of Biosystems and Bioengineering, KRIBB School of Biotechnology, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon, 34113, Republic of Korea.,eFFECTOR Therapeutics , 11180 Roselle Street , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 279 Campus Drive, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.,Maurice Wilkins Centre, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand p.young@auckland.ac.nz n.moreland@auckland.ac.nz.,Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232.,Cell Adhesion Laboratory, Department of Integrative Structural & Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA.,From the Structural and Functional Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi, Delhi 110067, India and.,Centro Nazionale per il Controllo e la Valutazione dei Farmaci, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Viale Regina Elena 299, I-00161, Rome, Italy.,Department of Mathematics, University of Leipzig, 04109 Leipzig, Germany.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. enogales@lbl.gov.,Molecular and Structural Biology Division, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow, India.,Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, and Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. h.w.liu@mail.utexas.edu.,Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Department of Drug Chemistry and Technologies, Sapienza University of Rome, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.,Institute of Organic Chemistry, Justus-Liebig University, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 17, 35392, Giessen, Germany.,Institut de Química Computacional i Catalisi and Departament de Química, Universitat de Girona, Girona, Spain.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. ben.davis@chem.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Molecular Microbiology & Immunology, University of Missouri School of Medicine, Columbia, Missouri, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry, University of Pisa, Via G. Moruzzi 13, 56124 Pisa, Italy. chiara.gabbiani@unipi.it.,Structural Biology of Cells and Viruses Laboratory, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom.,RIKEN Harima Institute, SPring-8 Center, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, 679-5148, Japan.,Departments of Nutritional Sciences and Toxicology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.,Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Monash University, Melbourne, 3800, VIC, Australia.,Gladstone Institutes, San Francisco, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Technologies of Drugs, Sapienza University of Rome, P. le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy; Center for Life Nano Science@Sapienza, Italian Institute of Technology, Via Regina Elena 291, 00161, Rome, Italy.,Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA.,Hain Lifescience GmbH, D-72147, Nehren, Germany.,Institute of Cancer Research , 15 Cotswold Road , Sutton , Surrey SM2 5NG , United Kingdom.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA. tatiana.kutateladze@ucdenver.edu.,Roche Pharma Research and Early Development, Therapeutic Modalities, Roche Innovation Center Basel, F.Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Grenzacherstrasse 124, 4070, Basel, Switzerland. roger.dawson@roche.com.,Department of Biochemistry and Groupe de Recherche Axé sur la Structure des Protéines, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3G 0B1, Canada. Electronic address: bhushan.nagar@mcgill.ca.,Tetra Discovery Partners, Inc. , 38 Fulton Street West , Grand Rapids , Michigan 49503 , United States.,Department of Molecular Medicine and Pathology, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.,Experimental Therapeutics Centre, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A(∗)STAR), 31 Biopolis way, Nanos, #03-01, Singapore 138669, Singapore; Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 03-07, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore. Electronic address: knacro@etc.a-star.edu.sg.,Department of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Pavia, Via Ferrata 9, 27100, Pavia, Italy; Department of Mechanistic Cell Biology, Max-Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology, Otto-Hahn-Str. 11, 44227, Dortmund, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA; Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA; Mortimer B. Zuckerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address: rsm10@columbia.edu.,Section of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.,Ipsen Bioinnovation, 102 Park Drive, Milton Park, Abingdon OX14 4RY, UK.,Department of Urology, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 160 Pujian Road, Shanghai, 200127, China.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China. zhangyy@simm.ac.cn.,Neuprozyme Therapeutics A/S, 2970 Hörsholm, Denmark. Electronic address: jp@neuprozyme.com.,SARomics Biostructures, 223 63 Lund, Sweden.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. andy.ellington@mail.utexas.edu.,Division of Translational Medicine, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY 12201-0509; Rajendra.Agrawal@health.ny.gov.,Medicinal Chemistry, Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology , University of Bath , Claverton Down , Bath BA2 7AY , U.K.,School of Stomatology and Medicine, Foshan University, Foshan, Guangdong, 528000, China.,School of Pharmacy, University College London, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX, United Kingdom. Electronic address: f.kozielski@ucl.ac.uk.,US Army Research Laboratory - South, Austin, TX, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. nzheng@uw.edu.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Science Research Center, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Andrology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.,the Australian Research Council (ARC) Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,From the Department of Immunology, University of Oslo and Oslo University Hospital-Rikshospitalet, 0372 Oslo, Norway, l.m.sollid@medisin.uio.no.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology , University of Guelph , Guelph , Ontario N1G 2W1 , Canada.,Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. dtaylor@utexas.edu.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Emory University School of Medicine, 1510 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA.,School of Medical Science, and Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, 4222, QLD, Australia.,Discipline of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN), Westville, Durban, 4001, South Africa.,National Research Center for Veterinary Medicine, Luoyang, Henan, China.,Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Public Health, State University of New York at Albany, Albany, NY.,Department of Biochemistry and Center for Excellence in Protein and Enzyme Technology Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand; School of Biomolecular Science and Engineering, Vidyasirimedhi Institute of Science and Technology (VISTEC), Rayong, 21210, Thailand.,ConverGene LLC., 3093 Beverly Lane, Unit C, Cambridge, MD 21613, United States.,Experimental Therapeutics Centre, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A(∗)STAR), 31 Biopolis way, Nanos, #03-01, Singapore 138669, Singapore.,Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC) CEA, CNRS, Univ. Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, 91198, Gif-sur-Yvette cedex, France. philippe.minard@u-psud.fr.,Department of Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy.,Neuroscience Therapeutic Area, Neurodegeneration Research, Sanofi R&D, Chilly-Mazarin, France.,Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Karnataka, India.,Center for Integrative Proteomics Research, Rutgers State University, Piscataway, New Jersey, USA.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center and the Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health, 9800 Medical Center Drive, Rockville, MD 20850, United States.,Division of Gene Regulation and Expression, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, U.K.,Service d'Ingénierie Moléculaire des Protéines (SIMOPRO), CEA, Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.,Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC) CEA, CNRS, Univ. Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, 91198, Gif-sur-Yvette cedex, France.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 160 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ, 08854-8020, USA.,Institute for Research in Biomedicine, 6500 Bellinzona, Switzerland.,Unit of Polar Genomics, Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon, Korea.,Department of Biophysics, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, 100191, China; Institute of Systems Biomedicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, 100191, China; Beijing Key Laboratory of Tumor Systems Biology, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, 100191, China. Electronic address: yunch@hsc.pku.edu.cn.,the Department of Gastroenterology, Oslo University Hospital-Rikshospitalet, 0372 Oslo, Norway, and.,Laboratório de Avaliação e Síntese de Substâncias Bioativas (LASSBio), Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Av. Carlos Chagas Filho, 373, CEP, 21941-902, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.,Department of Biosciences, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Oslo, 0316, Oslo, Norway.,Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), U1258/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, 67404, Illkirch, France.,Division of Gene Regulation and Expression, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, U.K. dmfvanaalten@dundee.ac.uk.,The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka, 567-0047, Japan.,Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA.,Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), U1258/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, 67404, Illkirch, France. Electronic address: rochel@igbmc.fr.,Discovery Chemistry, Merck & Co., Inc., 33 Avenue Louis Pasteur, Boston, MA 02115, United States.,Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China. dcwang@ibp.ac.cn.,Department of Molecular Oncology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Groupe de Recherche Axé sur la Structure des Protéines, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3G 0B1, Canada.,Jenner Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7FZ, UK.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, USA.,Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 117997, Russia. mm_shn@mail.ru.,CSIR- Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, 500007, India. Electronic address: madhu@ccmb.res.in.,Humabs BioMed SA, 6500 Bellinzona, Switzerland.,Structural Biology of Cells and Viruses Laboratory, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom; Donald.Benton@crick.ac.uk Peter.Rosenthal@crick.ac.uk John.Skehel@crick.ac.uk.,Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Center, KRIBB, Daejeon, 34141, Republic of Korea. sglee@kribb.re.kr.,Department of Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 117997, Russia. sykilinda@mail.ru.,Department of Chemistry and Technologies of Drugs, Sapienza University of Rome, P. le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy; Pasteur Institute - Cenci Bolognetti Foundation, Sapienza Università di Roma, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: antonello.mai@uniroma1.it.,School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, and Australian Infectious Diseases Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072, QLD, Australia. m.schembri@uq.edu.au.,Laboratory for Epigenetics Drug Discovery, RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research (BDR), 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan. shin.sato@riken.jp.,Leicester Institute of Structural and Chemical Biology, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom.,Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging, CNR, Via Mezzocannone 16, I-80134 Napoli, Italy. Electronic address: alessia.ruggiero@unina.it.,Structural Biology of Disease Processes Laboratory, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom; Donald.Benton@crick.ac.uk Peter.Rosenthal@crick.ac.uk John.Skehel@crick.ac.uk.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences , University at Buffalo, The State University of New York , Buffalo , New York 14214-8033 , United States.,IRCCS SDN, 80143 Napoli, Italy.,Department of Chemistry and Nanoscience, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. joonyoon@ewha.ac.kr.,the Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute and.,Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, 2185 East Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4, Canada.,Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR7104, Illkirch, France.,Vollum Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA.,Department of Integrated Biomedical and Life Sciences, Graduate School, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Institute of Biomedical Sciences , Academia Sinica , Taipei 11529 , Taiwan.,Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care, University of California San Francisco, 1700 4th Street, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA.,Smartox Biotechnology, Saint-Egrève, France.,Centre of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025, India. Electronic address: nandhanu@gmail.com.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biocomputing, Joint School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 19 Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, China.,Department of Chemistry and Life Science, School of Advanced Engineering, Kogakuin University, 2665-1 Nakano, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0015, Japan. matz@cc.kogakuin.ac.jp.,Division of Malaria & Parasitic Disease, Korea National Institute of Health, Osong, 28159, Republic of Korea.,Department of Life Science and Biochemical Engineering, Sunmoon University, Asansi, Korea.,Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 03-07, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; NTU Institute of Structural Biology, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 06-01, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore.,Max-Planck-Institute for Biochemistry, Planegg, Germany.,Chemical & Physical Biology Program, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235; james.crowe@vanderbilt.edu jens.meiler@vanderbilt.edu.,Institute of Genomics and Bioinformatics, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 40227, Taiwan.,Proteomics Program, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Protein Research (NNF-CPR), University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3B, 2200, Copenhagen, Denmark. Magnus.Jakobsson@cpr.ku.dk.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Department of Urology, Boston Children's Hospital, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology and Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. sicai.zhang@childrens.harvard.edu.,Integrated Drug Discovery-High Content Biology, Sanofi R&D, Vitry-sur-Seine, France.,Structure-Based Design, Inc. , 6048 Cornerstone Court West #D , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,VTT Technical Research Center of Finland Ltd., Espoo, Finland.,Division of Translational Medicine, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY 12201-0509.,Fengnan District Hospital, Tangshan, 063300, China.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Science, Suita, Japan.,Department of Biophysics, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, 100191, China; Institute of Systems Biomedicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, 100191, China; Beijing Key Laboratory of Tumor Systems Biology, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, 100191, China.,Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging, CNR, Via Mezzocannone 16, I-80134 Napoli, Italy.,Medicinal Frontier Department , KNC Laboratories Company, Ltd. , 1-1-1 Murotani , Nishi-ku, Kobe 651-2241 , Japan.,School of Biosystem and Biomedical Science, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,a Centre of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics , University of Madras, Guindy Campus , Chennai , Tamil Nadu , India.,Ipsen Innovation, 5 Avenue du Canada, 91940 Les Ulis, France.,Department of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, 100084, Beijing, P.R. China.,Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Suita, Japan.,Laboratory of Biomolecular Research, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232, Villigen, Switzerland.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California San Francisco, 1700 4th Street, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA.,Alchemical Dynamics s.r.l., 00125, Rome, Italy.,School of Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, 210009, China.,Department of Molecular Biology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Chemical & Physical Biology Program, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. stenmark@dbb.su.se.,Primmune Therapeutics, Inc. , 3210 Merryfield Row , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,Division of Genetics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Program in Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. lss8@columbia.edu.,Interfaculty Institute of Biochemistry, University of Tübingen, D-72076, Tübingen, Germany. thilo.stehle@uni-tuebingen.de.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Box 672, Rochester, NY, 14642, USA.,Laboratory of Chemical Biology and Institute for Complex Molecular Systems, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, 5612, AZ, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.,Biointerfaces Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.,Comprehensive Pneumology Center, Institute of Lung Biology and Disease, German Center for Lung Research (DZL), 81377 Munich, Germany; Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, 82152 Planegg-Martinsried, Germany.,Institut des Neurosciences Paris-Saclay (Neuro-PSI), UMR CNRS/Université Paris-Sud 9197, Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.,Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, 37232, USA. thilo.stehle@uni-tuebingen.de.,Center for Food Safety and Toxicology, Seoul National University, 08826 Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Yale Cancer Center, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, 06510, USA.,Pharma-Vation Consulting, LLC , 1201 Turnberry Ridge Court , Chesterfield , Missouri 63005 , United States.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA. enogales@lbl.gov.,Department of Chemistry, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA. drkallen@bu.edu.,Center for Systems and Synthetic Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.,Laboratory of Biochemical Pharmacology, Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.,School of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK.,Department of Electrical, Computer, and Energy Engineering , University of Colorado , Boulder , Colorado 80309 , United States.,Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), U1258/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, 67404, Illkirch, France. Electronic address: kieffer@igbmc.fr.,Center for Food and Bioconvergence, Seoul National University, 08826 Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Macromolecular Crystallography, Australian Synchrotron, Clayton, 3168, VIC, Australia.,Graduate School of Science, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531, Japan.,Stratingh Institute for Chemistry, University of Groningen, 9747AG, Groningen, The Netherlands.,Genome Integrity and Structural Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA.,RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148, Japan.,National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health, 9800 Medical Center Drive, Rockville, MD 20850, United States. Electronic address: dave@NexusDA.com.,Department of Pharmacology, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY 13210 United States.,Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences & Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, 136-701, South Korea.,Department of Microbiology, Radboud University, Heyendaalseweg 135, 6525 AJ Nijmegen, Netherlands.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. bh6@cumc.columbia.edu.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun, China, No. 1266 Fujin Road, Chaoyang District, Changchun, Jilin 130021, China.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, USA stefanos.sarafianos@emory.edu olson@scripps.edu.,Division of Molecular Biology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology , Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine , 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho , Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0017 , Japan.,Brigham and Women's Hospital Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02115, USA. I.vanRhijn@uu.nl.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1GA, England.,Department of Chemistry and Technologies of Drugs, Sapienza University of Rome, P. le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.,Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Research Center of Biotechnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119071, Russia. kmb@inbi.ras.ru.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Insititute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center and the Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Biotherapeutic and Analytical Technologies, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02139.,Zambia-Emory HIV Research Project, Lusaka, Zambia.,University of Florida College of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Gainesville, FL, USA. Electronic address: rmckenna@ufl.edu.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Simons Electron Microscopy Center, New York Structural Biology Center, The National Resource for Automated Molecular Microscopy, New York, NY, USA.,the Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute and Jamie.rossjohn@monash.edu.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Michigan Medical School, 1150 W Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan.,Institute for Pharmaceutical Microbiology, University of Bonn, D-53115, Bonn, Germany.,Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 117997, Russia. kmi@ibch.ru.,Integrative Omics, Biological Sciences Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA. doudna@berkeley.edu.,Institute of Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 40227, Taiwan.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA. imper@mit.edu.,Faculty of Chemistry, University of Gdansk, 80-308 Gdansk, Poland.,Michael DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada L8S 4K1; Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada L8S 4L8.,School of Chemistry, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK.,Department of Pediatrics, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, 06510, USA.,Centro de Ciências Naturais e Humanas, Universidade Federal do ABC, São Paulo, Brazil.,Cell Biology Lab, National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi, India.,Albany Molecular Research, Inc. , 21 Corporate Circle , Albany , New York 12203 , United States.,National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute", Moscow 123182, Russia. kmb@inbi.ras.ru.,Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, 201203, China.,School of Biological Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand p.young@auckland.ac.nz n.moreland@auckland.ac.nz.,Department of Pathology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,INSERM, UMR 1100, "Centre d'Etude des Pathologies Respiratoires", 37032 Tours, France; Université de Tours, 37032 Tours, France.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Nanoscience, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. chajung@ewha.ac.kr.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,MedImmune LLC, Gaithersburg, MD 20878.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA; Mortimer B. Zuckerman Mind Brain Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 1, 3584CL, Utrecht, The Netherlands. I.vanRhijn@uu.nl.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037.,Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Biochemistry and Technical Biochemistry, Stuttgart University, Allmandring 31, 70569, Stuttgart, Germany.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, 3800, Australia. Jamie.rossjohn@monash.edu.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. bh6@cumc.columbia.edu.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, 82152 Martinsried, Germany.,Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. bh6@cumc.columbia.edu.,pRED, Therapeutic Modalities, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, 4070 Basel, Switzerland.,White Global Pharma Consultants , 31 Kinglet Drive , South Cranbury , New Jersey 08512 , United States.,Department of Urology, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 160 Pujian Road, Shanghai, 200127, China. hyrrenji2@aliyun.com.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry , Northern Illinois University , 1425 West Lincoln Highway , DeKalb , Illinois 60115 , United States.,Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA, USA.,Clayton Foundation Laboratories of Peptide Biology, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA, USA.,School of Chemistry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA.,Departament de Química Inorgànica i Orgànica (Secció de Química Orgànica) and Institut de Química Teòrica i Computacional (IQTC), Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.,Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.,Michael DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada L8S 4K1; Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada L8S 4L8. Electronic address: jwhitney@mcmaster.ca.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.,Department of Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 3, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany. werner.kuehlbrandt@biophys.mpg.de t.meier@imperial.ac.uk.,Department of Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 3, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Changping District, Beijing 102206, China.,Laboratory for Epigenetics Drug Discovery, RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research (BDR), 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan. hideaki.niwa@riken.jp.,Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 03-07, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; NTU Institute of Structural Biology, Nanyang Technological University, EMB 06-01, 59 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore; School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 60 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 636921, Singapore.,National Institute of Health, Centre for the Control and Evaluation of Medicines, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161, Rome, Italy.,Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Area, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02139.,Division of Genetics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA.,Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, 34134, Republic of Korea.,Centre of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025, India. Electronic address: gunaunom@gmail.com.,State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Changping District, Beijing 102206, China; Health Science Center, Peking University, Haidian District, Beijing 100191, China; School of Medicine, Nankai University, Nankai District, Tianjin 300071, China. Electronic address: yshao@bjmu.edu.cn.,School of Biological Sciences , University of East Anglia , Norwich Research Park , Norwich NR4 7TJ , U.K.,Structural Biology of Disease Processes Laboratory, Francis Crick Institute, NW1 1AT London, United Kingdom.,Department of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235.,Centre of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025, India.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. wyatt.yue@sgc.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, 3086, VIC, Australia.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, CH-8057, Zurich, Switzerland.,Department of Urology, Boston Children's Hospital, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology and Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. min.dong@childrens.harvard.edu.,School of Chemistry, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.,Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, and Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.,Program in Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of Eastern Finland Joensuu Campus, Joensuu, Finland.,Interfaculty Institute of Biochemistry, University of Tübingen, D-72076, Tübingen, Germany.,California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Vollum Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, OR 97239, USA. gouauxe@ohsu.edu.,Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Research Center of Biotechnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119071, Russia. vpopov@inbi.ras.ru.,Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA. imper@mit.edu.,Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Michigan Drug Discovery, Life Sciences Institute , University of Michigan , 210 Washtenaw Avenue , Ann Arbor , Michigan 48103 , United States.,Beryllium Discovery Corp. , 7869 NE Day Road West , Bainbridge Island , Washington 98110 , United States.,Department of Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy; Gene Expression Laboratory, National Institute for Infectious Diseases "Lazzaro Spallanzani" I.R.C.C.S., Rome, Italy; Pasteur Institute - Cenci Bolognetti Foundation, Sapienza Università di Roma, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy.,Department of Plant Biology, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Technologies of Drugs, Sapienza University of Rome, P. le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: sergio.valente@uniroma1.it.,Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, 08826 Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography, Federal Scientific Research Centre `Crystallography and Photonics' of Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospekt 59, Moscow 119333, Russian Federation.,Zuckerman Mind, Brain and Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. bh6@cumc.columbia.edu.,Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging, CNR, Via Mezzocannone 16, I-80134 Napoli, Italy. Electronic address: luigi.vitagliano@unina.it.,National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA.,Department of Plant and Microbiology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Department of Biochemistry and Center for Excellence in Protein and Enzyme Technology Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.,Departments of Behavioral Medicine & Psychiatry and Physiology, Pharmacology & Neuroscience, Rockefeller Neurosciences Institute , West Virginia University Health Sciences Center , 1 Medical Center Drive , Morgantown , West Virginia 26506 , United States.,Therapeutic Discovery, Amgen Research , Amgen Inc. , 1120 Veterans Blvd , South San Francisco , California 94080 , United States.,Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agricultural Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.,Department of Biophysics, Ruhr University Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany.,Institut Pasteur, Structural Bioinformatics Unit, Department of Structural Biology and Chemistry, CNRS UMR 3528, C3BI USR 3756, Paris, France.,Chemical Biology and Therapeutics, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02139; michael.romanowski@novartis.com john.trauger@novartis.com.,Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia. nlklyachko@gmail.com.,Center for Systems and Synthetic Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA. andy.ellington@mail.utexas.edu.,Chemical Biology and Therapeutics, 4002 Basel, Switzerland.,Vaccine and Infectious Disease Research Centre, Translational Health Science and Technology Institute, Faridabad, Haryana 121001, India.,Division of Genetics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Committee on Higher Degrees in Biophysics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Program in Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address: mlbulyk@genetics.med.harvard.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Nanoscience, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Oncternal Therapeutics , 3525 Del Mar Heights Road #821 , San Diego , California 92130 , United States.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics , Albert Einstein College of Medicine , Bronx , New York 10461 , United States.,Maurice Wilkins Centre, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.,Polaris Pharmaceuticals , 9373 Towne Centre Drive #150 , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,University of Auckland, Auckland Cancer Society Research Centre, School of Medical Sciences, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand.,Institut Européen de Chimie et Biologie, University of Bordeaux, Pessac, France.,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, U964, Illkirch, France.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Science Research Center, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Andrology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China. Electronic address: huangy@sibcb.ac.cn.,Computational and Systems Biology, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA.,College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, Henan, China.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Denver, Denver, CO, 80210, USA.,Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, 08826 Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Department of Experimental Medical Science, Lund University, 221 00 Lund, Sweden.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK. mg@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.,Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati 781039, Assam, India.,Zuckerman Mind, Brain and Behavior Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. lss8@columbia.edu.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.,Neuprozyme Therapeutics A/S, 2970 Hörsholm, Denmark.,International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology and Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Scripps Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology & Immunogen Discovery, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,From the Structural and Functional Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi, Delhi 110067, India and bbiswal@nii.ac.in.,Department of Picobiology, Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, Kamigori-cho, Ako-gun, 678-1297, Japan.,Center for Epigenetics, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI, 49503, USA.,Centre for Innate Immunity and Infectious Diseases, Hudson Institute of Medical Research and Department of Molecular and Translational Science, School of Clinical Science, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3168, Australia.,Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Novartis Campus , CH-4056 Basel , Switzerland.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 1, 3584CL, Utrecht, The Netherlands.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Aurora kinase A
A
285Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: AURKA (AIK, AIRK1, ARK1, AURA, AYK1, BTAK, IAK1, STK15, STK6)
EC: 2.7.11.1
Find proteins for O14965 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: AURKA
Go to UniProtKB:  O14965
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ADP
Query on ADP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ADENOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O10 P2
XTWYTFMLZFPYCI-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
JRT
Query on JRT

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
2-(benzimidazol-1-yl)-~{N}-(2-phenylethyl)ethanamide
C17 H17 N3 O
CAHHWKPTYNNMOV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
TPO
Query on TPO
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC4 H10 N O6 PTHR
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.937 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • Space Group: P 61 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 81.370α = 90.00
b = 81.370β = 90.00
c = 175.959γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXphasing
XDSdata reduction
PHENIXrefinement
Aimlessdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Medical Research Council (United Kingdom)United KingdomMR/K016903

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2019-05-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-05-22
    Type: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-07-10
    Type: Data collection