6QQN

Tubulin-TH588 complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.198 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

VISAGE Reveals a Targetable Mitotic Spindle Vulnerability in Cancer Cells.

Patterson, J.C.Joughin, B.A.Prota, A.E.Muhlethaler, T.Jonas, O.H.Whitman, M.A.Varmeh, S.Chen, S.Balk, S.P.Steinmetz, M.O.Lauffenburger, D.A.Yaffe, M.B.

(2019) Cell Syst 9: 74-92.e8

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cels.2019.05.009
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6QQN

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • There is an unmet need for new antimitotic drug combinations that target cancer-specific vulnerabilities. Based on our finding of elevated biomolecule oxidation in mitotically arrested cancer cells, we combined Plk1 inhibitors with TH588, an MTH1 inh ...

    There is an unmet need for new antimitotic drug combinations that target cancer-specific vulnerabilities. Based on our finding of elevated biomolecule oxidation in mitotically arrested cancer cells, we combined Plk1 inhibitors with TH588, an MTH1 inhibitor that prevents detoxification of oxidized nucleotide triphosphates. This combination showed robust synergistic killing of cancer, but not normal, cells that, surprisingly, was MTH1-independent. To dissect the underlying synergistic mechanism, we developed VISAGE, a strategy integrating experimental synergy quantification with computational-pathway-based gene expression analysis. VISAGE predicted, and we experimentally confirmed, that this synergistic combination treatment targeted the mitotic spindle. Specifically, TH588 binding to β-tubulin impaired microtubule assembly, which when combined with Plk1 blockade, synergistically disrupted mitotic chromosome positioning to the spindle midzone. These findings identify a cancer-specific mitotic vulnerability that is targetable using Plk1 inhibitors with microtubule-destabilizing agents and highlight the general utility of the VISAGE approach to elucidate molecular mechanisms of drug synergy.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA; Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA; David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA; Center for Precision Cancer Medicine, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. Electronic address: myaffe@mit.edu.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Tubulin alpha-1B chainAC451Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P81947 (Bos taurus)
Explore P81947 
Go to UniProtKB:  P81947
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Tubulin beta-2B chainBD445Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: TUBB2B
Find proteins for Q6B856 (Bos taurus)
Explore Q6B856 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q6B856
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Stathmin-4E143Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Stmn4
Find proteins for P63043 (Rattus norvegicus)
Explore P63043 
Go to UniProtKB:  P63043
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Tubulin-Tyrosine LigaseF384Gallus gallusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: TTL
Find proteins for E1BQ43 (Gallus gallus)
Explore E1BQ43 
Go to UniProtKB:  E1BQ43
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 8 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GTP
Query on GTP

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A, C
GUANOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O14 P3
XKMLYUALXHKNFT-UUOKFMHZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACP
Query on ACP

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F
PHOSPHOMETHYLPHOSPHONIC ACID ADENYLATE ESTER
C11 H18 N5 O12 P3
UFZTZBNSLXELAL-IOSLPCCCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GDP
Query on GDP

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B, D
GUANOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O11 P2
QGWNDRXFNXRZMB-UUOKFMHZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
2GE
Query on 2GE

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B
N~4~-cyclopropyl-6-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)pyrimidine-2,4-diamine
C13 H12 Cl2 N4
PNMYJIOQIAEYQL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MES
Query on MES

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B
2-(N-MORPHOLINO)-ETHANESULFONIC ACID
C6 H13 N O4 S
SXGZJKUKBWWHRA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

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A
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

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A, B, C
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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A, B, C, D, F
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.198 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 103.832α = 90
b = 156.186β = 90
c = 179.432γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical SciencesUnited StatesR01-GM104047
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Environmental Health SciencesUnited StatesR01-ES015339

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2019-07-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-08-07
    Changes: Data collection, Database references